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Nuclear Stockpiles and Tests

According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, the U.S. currently maintains approximately 10,000 nuclear warheads in various states of readiness. It's believed that under START III, that number will be reduced to 2,500. Russia's plans are not known. At the end of 1997, Russia's nuclear stockpile numbered 23,000 weapons. This included active, operational forces; retired, non-deployed warheads awaiting dismantlement; and weapons in reserve.


The United States conducted 1030 nuclear tests from 1945 - 1992. The Soviet Union conducted 715 tests between 1949 and 1990. In September, 1996 the United Nations General Assembly voted to adopt the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which prohibits all "nuclear weapons test explosions and all other nuclear explosions." As of September 1998, 150 nations had signed the treaty, and 21 nations had ratified it. Notable exceptions are India and Pakistan, both of which conducted nuclear tests in May, 1998. To read the text of the CTBT go to http://www.prop1.org/2000/ctbttxt1.htm.
Tests: U.S. vs Soviet Union
Source: Natural Resources Defense Council


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