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The Film & More
Film Description
Primary Sources
Further Reading

Special Features
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Further Reading

Web Sites | Books

Benjamin Franklin
Learn more about this Founding Father's 1750s experiments with electricity

Samuel Morse
Learn about the telegraph inventor and the Morse Code used to send messages through the Transatlantic Cable.

United States Naval Observatory
Official Web site contains information about one of America's oldest scientific agencies, headed by Matthew Maury from 1844-1861.

United States Naval Historical Center
Web site run by the United States Navy contains information on Navy history and the contributions of Matthew Maury to the field of navigation.

Library of Congress Maury Papers
This Web site contains a chronology of Matthew Maury's life and a guide to his papers at the Library of Congress.

Maury papers at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI)
After the Civil War, Matthew Maury served as a professor of meteorology at VMI, and several of his letters to family can be viewed on the VMI Web site.

Maury and Navigation
Read a biographical sketch of Matthew Maury's naval career and learn about the influence of the books he published at this online magazine devoted to maritime history in the time of clipper ships.

The Atlantic Cable
This Web site serves as a clearinghouse for all things Cable, with bibliographies; material on Cyrus Field and his Cable Cabinet ; timelines; primary sources, including an account of the 1858 expedition as related in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper; and numerous visual artifacts relating to Cable history (cartoons, photographs, illustrations, and the like).

Transatlantic Cable Communications
Explore the history of the telegraph in Nova Scotia, with material on conditions for telegraph operators, the impact on local communities, and scientific background including information on gutta-percha.

The Plastics Museum
Explore this Web site devoted to the history of plastics and learn about gutta-percha.

Physics History Museum
Run by the Grinnell College Physics Department, this Web site provides information about major developments in the field, including William Thomson's invention of the mirror galvanometer.

Web Sites | Books

Field, Henry M. The Story of the Atlantic Telegraph. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1893.

Gordon, John Steele. A Thread Across the Ocean. New York: Walker & Company, 2002.

Nickles, David Paull. Under the Wire: How the Telegraph Changed Diplomacy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Russell, W.H. The Atlantic Telegraph. London: Day & Son, 1865. Reprinted by Naval Institute Press, 1973.

Standage, Tom. The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-Line Pioneers. New York: Walker & Company, 1998.

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