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Primary Sources: Headlines from 1900

Chicago readers woke to a cold January morning and lots of news. From South Africa and London came reports of the war between the Boers and the British over gold-rich territory. Locally, a runaway team of horses collided with a passenger train and claimed the top news spot. Other newsworthy topics were the Pope's successor, a bombing plot by Filipino insurgents, and a Michigan husband who insulted his wife's church.

Bulletin of
The Daily Tribune
Chicago, Monday, Jan. 1, 1900.

Weather predictions of the next 24 hours: Generally fair and continued cold.

Sun rises at 7:20; sets at 4:38.
Moon sets at 5:05 pm.

Important News and Features


  1. London Times' News and Views.
    Manila Bomb Plot Fails.
    Pope Designates His Successor.
    British Beaten Near Dordrecht.
  2. Story of Armored Train Fight.
  3. Opening of the Holy Year.
    Sees Peril of Germany.
    Says Denmark Will Sell.
    Defer to Kaiser's Wish.
    Tragedy at High Court.
    Signs New Year Pardon.
    Zion Home Near Wankegan.
  4. Pro-Boer Meeting in New York.
    Fire Panic in Theater Averted.
  5. General New York News.
    Music and Drama.
  6. Hirsch on Decadence.
    liriests Ordained at St. James.
  7. Maher and McCoy Fight Today.
    Averages of the Bowlers.
  8. Otis Combats Army Bribery.
    May Break the Hanecy Ranks.
    liersons Rescued By Firemen.
    Coal Teamsters to Strike.

Summary of the Daily Tribune

Boer-British War.

Germany began inquiry into seizure of Bundcarath. Owners say no contraband goods were aboard. Berlin press indignant.

Reconnoitering party of British, meeting Boers at Dordrecht, were forced to retire after six hours' battle with slight losses.

Meeting in New York addressed by Senator Mason, Congressman Sulzer, and others denounced British.

Large force of Boers supposed to be cut off by swell of Tugela River.

London Times declared British military system has been "tried and found wanting."

Dr. Leyds said Boers demand every foot of ground they now hold as part of a peace.

Kitchener said it would take a year and 150,000 men to conquer Boers.

Belief that serious news from Mafeking is suppressed by War office.

Estimate that war costs England $10,000,000 a week.

Two German cruisers on their way to Delagoa Bay.

Boers were shelling Ladysmith on Dec. 28.

Irish-Americans volunteering for Boers.


Kaiser's wish observed, and closing of year celebrated as close of century in Germany with procession into throne room.

Max Nordau predicts predominance of English race, with Russia as its rival, while Germany may become second-rate.

Copenhagen dispatch declared negotiations for sale of Danish West Indies to America nearly closed.

Berlin paper published alleged text of a rescript by Czar against increase of naval armaments.

England wishes Newfoundland ministry to renew its modus vivendi on French shore rights.

Famine in India affects area of 400,000 square miles and 52,500,000 population.

King Humbert of Italy granted amnesty to all military and political offenders.

Kaiser will celebrate 200th anniversary of Prussia monarchy on Jan. 18, 1901.

Other Deputies opposed Franco-American trade treaty, fearing competition.

King Alexander of Serbia seeks to marry Princess Elizabeth of Austria.

Panama Canal director said Americans might buy majority of shares.

German machine manufacturer will establish exhibits in Russia.

Commercial treaty arranged between Italy and Greece.

Compromise between Czechs and Germans remote.

Judge Bertulus, Dreyfus champion, promoted.

Witness died during French conspiracy trial.

Millocker, composer, died in Vienna.

Railway across Siberia completed.

Jean de Reszke will live in Paris.

Army and Navy

Filipinos planned to throw bombs at Lawton funeral, hoping to kill foreign Consuls and cause international complications.

Otis learned of wholesale bribery and corruption of troops in passes and minor privileges; to be stamped out.

Bachelor officer resent Admiral Watson's order allowing men with wives on station unusual shore leave.

Army and navy officials bitter over question of precedence of Dewey or Miles.

Natives in Cagayan and Ilocos favor American control.

Nautical school at Manila to be reopened for Filipinos.


Wabash switch engine ran down Root street trolley car at Forty-third street crossing. Passengers escaped serious injury.

Peter Kline, 72 years old, applied to police for shelter, saying his sons and daughter had turned him out and refused help.

Fire scare in Bijou Theater caused rush for doors, but panic averted by coolness of manager and actors. No one hurt.

Three firemen hurt by explosions of turpentine in burning building 257-261 Dearborn street. Loss put at $27,000.

Dowie announced that the "City of Zion" would be located on the shore of Lake Michigan north of Waukegan.

Carriage containing Mrs. Charles Glermann and two children crushed into railway train, injuring them.

Editor Johnston of the Horsemen urging prevention of overloading and underfeeding of draft horses.

Committee on housing conditions opposes model tenements, advocating removal of suburbs.

Anna Millar's resignation as business manager of the Chicago Orchestra was accepted.

The German Zuchter verien singing contest for canary birds opened.

Chicago firemen known to have saved seventy-four lives during 1899.

President Hudley of Yale here today.

Volunteers of America fed 6,000 poor.

Henry Foreman, early merchant, died.

Manila Dynamite Plot.

Filipino Plan for Outbreak at Lawton Funeral.

Change of Procession's Route May Have Prevented Throwing of Explosives -- Insurgent Scheme to Kill Foreign Consuls in Hope of Causing International Complications -- Americans Learn of Conspiracy in Time -- Discovery of Bombs.

Manila, Dec. 31, 6:10 pm -- Four explosive bombs, a few firearms, and 500 rounds of ammunition were discovered in a house in the center of Manila this morning while the police were seeking Recarte, the insurgent leader, who was said to have come to Manila in the hope of effecting an outbreak yesterday by taking advantage of the mobilization of the American troops at General Lawton's funeral.

Today it developed that the plot included the throwing of bombs among the foreign Consuls attending the ceremony, in order to bring about international complications. The bombs were to have been thrown from the Escolta's high buildings, but the avoidance of the Escolta by the funeral procession, it is supposed, spoiled the plan.

Americans Prepared for Outbreak.

The populace, it is thought, had been prepared for the attempt by a rumor circulated widely among the natives yesterday that Aguinaldo was in Manila and would personally lead the outbreak. The American authorities, having been advised of what was brewing, prepared for all contingencies.

Captain Morrison, who commands the troops in the most turbulent district of the city, says he does not believe an actual uprising will ever occur, as the natives lack the resolution to take the first steps in a movement that would entail fighting at close quarters with the American troops.

Campaign South of Manila.

An American advance in Cavite Province, south of Manila, is expected shortly. Reliable reports from native spies show that there are upward of 2,000 organized insurgents under arms within a mile of Imus. They are strengthening their intrenchments and possess artillery.

At Novaleta the Filipino intrenchments have been much strengthened since General Schwan's advance. A thousand of the enemy are in that vicinity, and there are 600 at San Francisco de Malabon. From twelve to 100 American soldiers garrison all the towns in the southern part of Cavite Province, and the same may be said of the towns in Batangas Province.

Injured by Stagnation in Hemp.

The Provinces of North Camarines and South Camarines hold quantities of hemp which the people cannot market. As a consequence the population in that part of Luzon is suffering from lack of food. Rice now costs four times its normal price...

Pope Leo Names Gotti.

Pontiff Said To Have Designated His Successor.

Cardinal and Famous Genoese Monk, if the Wishes of the Present Head of the Roman Church Are Observed, Will Take Up the Duties of the Papacy -- Vatican's Chief Reported to Have Expressed His Choice in St. Peter's Cathedral.

ROME, Dec. 31. -- Pope Leo, it is asserted, has expressed the wish that Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti succeed him as the head of the church.

It is said that the Pope, after the recent ceremony of opening the hold door at St. Peter's Cathedral, addressed his intimate entourage and said:

"I thank divine providence for granting me the grace of being able to celebrate this great function, and I wish for my successor grandeur and a long reign to the greater glory of God.

"My successor will be young as compared with my own age, and will have time to see many glories of the papacy and the church."

Names Cardinal Gotti

Later Leo clearly designated Cardinal Girolamo Maria Gotti, prefect of the congregation of indulgences and sacred rites, as his successor.

Cardinal Gotti, the famous Genoese monk, is a man of great piety and modesty. Now almost 64 years of age, he has always lived the life of an ascetic , and, despite the dignity of a prince of the church, he always sleeps in a cell on a hard mattress.

Near Death in a Runaway.

Mrs. Charles Giermann and Two Children Injured -- Frantic Team Crashes into Fast Pennsylvania Train.

A runaway team of horses attached to a closed carriage containing Mrs. Charles Giermann and her two children ran into a south-bound Pennsylvania passenger train on the Forty-seventh street crossing last evening at 6:10 o'clock. The horses were instantly killed, the carriage was demolished, and the occupants barely escaped with their lives. There are no gates at the crossing.

The Injured.

Giermann, Mrs. Charles, 4820 Ashland avenue: slightly injured internally, prostrated by shock. Giermann, Lucy, 8 years old: severely injured internally; may die. Giermann, Olga, 14 years old: slightly injured internally; prostrated by shock. Laenmell, Charles, driver of the Giermann carriage, thrown to the ground; broken collarbone and internal injuries.

Mrs. Giermann left her residence at 5 o'clock with her two daughters to visit a friend in Hyde Park. Laenmell, the driver, turned the horses into Forty-seventh street and drove east at a round pace. Two blocks from the Pennsylvania tracks the horses stumbled and fell, throwing the driver to the ground. In a flash the animals were up and running away towards the tracks. Mrs. Giermann's impulse was to jump out with her children, but the speed of the team had become too great.

Story of the Accident.

Pennsylvania train no. 19 was running swiftly south and had half cleared the crossing when the horses crashed into the side of the coaches and sank back dead in an instant. The carriage was pitched on the horses and one side ripped off by the flying train. The occupants fell out against the animals. The train did not stop, and it is supposed that no one aboard knew the accident had occured.

When Mrs. Giermann emerged from the wreckage not a person was in sight, and she started to walk home, carrying Lucy, insensible, in her arms, and leading Olga. Some men met and assisted her home, where the injured were given prompt medical care.

Husband Abuses Her Church

Michigan Woman Seeks Divorce After Twenty-eight Years' Disagreement on Religious Matters.

Charlotte, Mich., Dec. 31 -- [Special.] Because her husband abuses the church of which she is a member, Mrs. W. R. Goff has filed proceedings for absolute divorce. Mr. Goff was postmaster at Brookfield under Cleveland's administration.

In her bill of complaint Mrs. Goff states that shortly after their marriage she became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and took an active part in its affairs; that thereafter, the defendant never missed an opportunity of slurring the church and making improper remarks about the members. He had refused to appear with her in public owing to this disagreement. They have been married twenty-eight years, and have four children. Goff has considerable property, and the complainant will endeavor to get possession of a just share of it.

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