American Experience
American Experience

Captain John Bonfield | Carter Harrison | Lucy Parsons
Governor John Peter Altgeld

Lucy Parsons, a Texan who married Albert Parsons in 1872, was of mixed African American, Native American and Mexican American descent. She devoted her life to the rights of all individuals, regardless of gender, race or social class. A frequent speaker and writer, she supported the Propaganda of the Deed; Chicago police judged her "more dangerous than a thousand rioters" and sought to prevent her work.

Lucy Parsons attended the Haymarket rally with her husband and left with him, before its violent conclusion. Following her husband's execution, she championed anarchist and socialist causes and helped establish the Industrial Workers of the World. She became involved with the Communist Party, writing and speaking on its behalf. Parsons died in an accidental home fire in 1942, at the age of 89.


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