American Experience
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Immigrants
204,859

37%

Germany

22%

Ireland

7%

British America

6%

England

6%

Sweden

22%

Others

Ireland
Irish immigrants worked on the construction of the canal connecting Chicago with the Illinois River. The nearby neighborhood they settled, called Canalport, was later known as Bridgeport and was the power base of five 20th century Chicago mayors. By 1900, Chicago had the fourth largest Irish population in America, behind New York City, Boston, and Philadelphia.