American Experience
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Immigrants
587,112

29%

Germany

13%

Ireland

10%

Poland

8%

Sweden

6%

Bohemia

34%

Others

Bohemia
The formation of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1867 sparked an exodus from that region. Czechs from Bohemia entered Chicago in the decades that followed. The Lower West Side neighborhood they settled, Pilsen, took its name from the Bohemian capital founded by King Wenceslas II, best known as the home of pilsner beer.