||November 15: George Dickman dies in London. Thereafter, George Eastman becomes a lifelong companion of Dickman's widow, Josephine.
||The Brownie camera, designed for Eastman by Frank Brownell, is introduced at a retail price of one dollar.
December 31: The Rev. Hannibal Goodwin dies as the result of injuries suffered in a street-car incident.
||A photographic method that allows images to be reduced or enlarged, known as the photostat, is introduced.
||June 16: Maria Eastman, George Eastman's mother, dies in Rochester, New
York, at the age of 85.
In France, Auguste and Louis Lumiere introduce the Autochrome, the first color photography system that can be used by amateurs.
||Siegrist and Fisher develop the first subtractive color photography process, which will become the basis for Kodachrome.
March 6: George Eastman formally commits to donating two and one half million dollars to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, on the condition that he remain anonymous. He is dubbed "Mr. Smith."
George Eastman prepares to travel to Santo Domingo to speculate on land. To document his findings, he begins study of photography.
||March 10: An appellate court upholds a ruling against the Eastman Kodak Company for infringing Hannibal Goodwin's patent on transparent, flexible film and orders the company to pay five million dollars in cash to the Ansco Company, which then owned the Goodwin patent.
||January 10: Mr. Smith, the anonymous donor to MIT, is revealed at an annual alumni dinner to be George Eastman.
||September 4: The Eastman Theater is opened in Rochester, New York.
||May 20: AT&T sends photographs by wire in an important step toward the invention of television.
||George Eastman retires from Eastman Kodak and names William Stuber to succeed him as president.|
October 25: John Logie Baird, a Scotsman living in England, transmits the first photographic image with a full range of half-tones without the use of wires.
||George Eastman goes to Kenya on a six-month safari, during which he films a wild rhinoceros charging him on Cine-Kodak film.|
||Reliable photoflash light bulbs become available to photographers. |
||Harold Edgerton develops the stroboscope, a precisely timed flash that allows photographers to capture motions of infinitesimally short duration.|
||March 14: George Eastman takes his own life with an automatic pistol at his home in Rochester, New York.|
||Eastman Kodak introduces the Kodachrome process of color photography, invented by Kodak employees Leopold Damrosch Mannes and Leopold Godowsky.|
||Chester Carlson invents "electron photography," which later comes to be known as xerography, or simply photocopying.|
||Zoomar introduces the zoom lens, the invention of American Frank Back.|
||Edwin H. Land announces his invention of the Polaroid camera, which can develop images inside the camera in approximately one minute.|
||Kodak introduces the Instamatic line, the first point-and-shoot cameras.|
||Fuji introduces the Quicksnap, a disposable camera that revisits the original Kodak principle: the user sends the camera into the manufacturer, which then develops the film. |
||Kodak introduces the Photo CD, the first method of storing digital images to become available to the general public.|
February: JPEG, a compression standard for storing and sending photographic images over the Internet, is described in a paper published in "IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics."