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Further Reading

Web Sites | Books

Winkler Boxing Photographs
Browse selections from Notre Dame's Harry E. Winkler Collection of boxing photographs, including portraits of Henry Armstrong, Tommy Paul, Paulino Uzcudun, and others.

The Brown Bomber: The Man Behind the Fist
Read an illustrated biography of hometown hero Joe Louis from The Detroit News.

Century of Champions: Joe Louis
The Detroit News published this book excerpt about Joe Louis in 1999.

Unforgiveable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
The companion Web site for a PBS film by Ken Burns explores the life of the controversial early twentieth-century boxer, the champion Joe Louis specifically set out not to emulate.

International Boxing Hall of Fame
The Web site of the International Boxing Hall of Fame provides biographies of enshrinees including Joe Louis and Max Schmeling.

The Cyber Boxing Zone
This extensive Web site delivers information about contemporary and historical boxing, including a monthly newsletter, rankings, interviews, and a boxing encyclopedia.

Harlem 1900-1940
Browse an online exhibit, timeline, and resources on Harlem in the early twentieth century from the Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library.

American Experience: Seabiscuit
Learn about another Thirties sports great and radio star, a horse named Seabiscuit. Visit the racetrack, listen to radio calls of Seabiscuit's races, and more.

American Experience: America and the Holocaust
Explore the U.S. response to the Holocaust from the late Thirties through the mid-1940s.

Web Sites | Books

Astor, Gerald. "...And a Credit to His Race": The Hard Life and Times of Joseph Louis Barrow, a.k.a. Joe Louis. New York: Saturday Review Press, 1974.

Bak, Richard. Joe Louis: The Great Black Hope. Dallas, Texas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1996.

Bathrick, David. "Max Schmeling on the Canvas: The Boxer as Icon of Weimar Culture." New German Critique 51 (Fall 1990): 113-137.

Bent, Silas. Ballyhoo: The Voice of the Press. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1927.

Baird, Jay W. To Die For Germany: Heroes in the Nazi Pantheon. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Bernays, Edward L. Propaganda . New York: H. Liveright, 1936.

----. Public Relations. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1952.

Du Bois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk. New York: Modern Library, 2003.

Early, Gerald, ed. Culture of Bruising: Essays on Prizefighting, Literature, and Modern American Culture. Hopewell, New Jersey: Ecco Press, 1994.

Edwards, John Carver. Berlin Calling: American Broadcasters in Service to the Third Reich. New York: Praeger, 1991.

Finkelstein, Norman G. and Ruth Bettina Birn. A Nation on Trial: The Goldhagen Thesis and Historical Truth. New York: Metropolitan Books, 1998.

Franklin, John Hope and Alfred A. Moss, Jr. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1994.

Goldhagen, Daniel Jonah. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Vintage Books, 1997.

Gorn, Elliot. The Manly Art. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Herzstein, Robert E. The War That Hitler Won: Goebbels and the Nazi Media Campaign. New York: Paragon House Publishers, 1987.

Levine, Peter. From Ellis Island to Ebbets Field: Sport and the American-Jewish Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Litwack, Leon F. Been in the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery. New York: Vintage Books, 1980.

----. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow. New York: Knopf, 1998.

Louis, Joe, with Art Rust, Jr. and Edna Rust. My Life. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978.

Mandell, Richard D. The Nazi Olympics. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Marks, Carole. Farewell, We're Good and Gone: The Great Black Migration. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.

Massaquoi, Hans J. Destined to Witness: Growing up Black in Nazi Germany. New York: W. Morrow, 1999.

Mayer, Milton. They Thought They Were Free: The Germans, 1933-45. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Mead, Chris. Champion -- Joe Louis: Black Hero in White America. New York: Scribner, 1985.

Moon, Elaine. Untold Tales, Unsung Heroes: An Oral History of Detroit's African American Community, 1918-1967. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press, 1994.

Read, Anthony and David Fisher. Berlin: The Biography of a City. London: Hutchinson, 1994.

Sammons, Jeffrey. Beyond the Ring: The Role of Boxing in American Society. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Schmeling, Max. Max Schmeling: An Autobiography. Translated and edited by George B. von der Lippe. Chicago, Illinois: Bonus Books, 1988.

Thomas, Richard Walter. Life for Us Is What We Make It: Building Black Community in Detroit, 1915-1945. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Ward, Ken. Mass Communications and the Modern World. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan Education, 1989.

Washington, Booker T. The Future of the American Negro. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Wenner, Lawrence A, ed. Media, Sports & Society. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, 1989.

Wyman, David S. The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.

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