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Marcus Garvey: Look For Me in the Whirlwind











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Further Reading

A vast amount of published and unpublished material exists on Marcus Garvey, Garveyism, and the Universal Negro Improvement Association. The bulk of the documents are housed in the collections of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, and The Schomburg Center For Research in Black Culture in New York, New York. Professor Robert A. Hill, founder of the U.N.I.A. Papers Project at the University of California, Los Angeles has also amassed a large collection of Garvey material.

This bibliography is limited to major books, articles, and films about the black nationalist leader and the U.N.I.A. movement and writings by Garvey.

Web Sites | Books on Garvey and the U.N.I.A.
Books and Periodicals by Garvey | Articles

The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project
http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/mgpp
A University of California, Los Angeles research center directed by Professor Robert Hill provides this Web site on Garvey.

The Poetry of Marcus Garvey
http://www.boomshaka.com/garvey.html
This site showcases poems, songs, hymns and other related material written by Marcus Garvey.

Harlem 1900-1940
http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/Harlem/text/garvey.html
Biographical information on Marcus Garvey is provided in this site, which was created for the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture's exhibit, "Harlem: 1900-1940."

The Universal Negro Improvement Association
http://www.unia-acl.org
This is the official site of The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, an international organization established in Jamaica by Marcus Garvey in 1914.

The Afrocentric Experience
http://www.swagga.com/marcus.htm
This site provides biographical information on Marcus Garvey.

National Heroes of Jamaica
http://www.kasnet.com/heroesofjamaica/start/index2.htm
The Jamaican Ministry of Education presents a site on the National Heroes of Jamaica, including Marcus Garvey.

Firelight Media
http://www.firelightmedia.org
Read about producer Stanley Nelson and his team on the Firelight Media web site.

Web Sites | Books on Garvey and the U.N.I.A.
Books and Periodicals by Garvey | Articles

Burkett, Randall K. Garveyism As A Religious Movement: The Institutionalization of A Black Civil Religion. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press and The American Theological Library Association, 1978.

Campbell, Horace. Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1987.

Clarke, John Henrik, Editor. Marcus Garvey and the Vision of Africa. With the assistance of Amy Jacques Garvey. New York: Vintage Books, 1974.

Cronon, Edmund David. Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and The Universal Negro Improvement Association. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1955, reprinted 1969.

Foner, Eric, Editor. America's Black Past: A Reader in Afro-American History. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.

Garvey, Amy Jacques, Garvey and Garveyism. London, England: Collier-MacMillan Ltd., 1963, 1968.

Helly, Dorothy O. and Susan M. Reverby. editors. Gendered Domains: Rethinking Public and Private in Women's History. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Hill, Robert A., Editor. Marcus Garvey, Life and Lessons: A Centennial Companion to the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1987.

----. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. Vols. I-VII, IX. University of California Press, ca. 1983- (ongoing).

James, Winston. Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America. London: Verso, 1998.

Kornweibel, Jr., Theodore. Seeing Red: Federal Campaigns Against Black Militancy 1919-1925. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Lemelle, Sidney and Robin D. G. Kelley. Imagining Home: Class, Culture, and Nationalism in the African Diaspora. London: Verso, 1994.

Lewis, Rupert. Marcus Garvey: Anti-Colonial Champion. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1988.

Lewis, Rupert and Bryan, Patrick, Editors. Garvey: His Work and Impact. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research, 1988.

Lewis, Rupert and Maureen Warner-Lewis. Garvey: Africa, Europe, The Americas. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1986, 1994.

Manoedi, M. Korete. Garvey and Africa. New York: New York Age Press, 1922.

Martin, Tony. Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggle of Marcus Garvey and The Universal Negro Improvement Association. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976.

----. Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts, and the Harlem Renaissance. Dover, MA: Majority Press, 1983.

----. African Fundamentalism: A Literary and Cultural Anthology of Garvey's Harlem Renaissance. Dover, MA: Majority Press, 1983, 1991.

----. Marcus Garvey: Hero. Dover, MA: Majority Press, 1983.

----. The Pan-African Connection: From Slavery to Garvey and Beyond. Dover, MA: Majority Press, 1983.

----. The Poetical Works of Marcus Garvey. Dover, MA: Majority Press, 1983.

Smith-Irvin, Jeannette. Marcus Garvey's Footsoldiers of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1989.

Solomon, Mark. The Cry was Unity: Communists and African-Americans, 1917-1936. Jackson, MI: University Press of Mississippi, 1998.

Stein, Judith. The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.

Taylor, Ula L. The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey. (Unpublished Dissertation).

Tolbert, Emory J. The UNIA and Black Los Angeles. Los Angeles, CA: Center of Afro-American Studies, University of California, 1980.

Vincent, Theodore. Black Power and the Garvey Movement. Berkeley, CA: Ramparts Press, 1971.

Watkins-Owens, Irma. Blood Relations: Caribbean Immigrants and the Harlem Renaissance. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Willis, Deborah, editor. Picturing Us. New York: The New Press, 1994.

Web Sites | Books on Garvey and the U.N.I.A.
Books and Periodicals by Garvey | Articles

Garvey, Marcus. A Talk with Afro-West Indians: The Negro Race and Its Problems. Kingston: African Communities League, 1915.

----. Eight Uncle Tom Negroes and W.E. Burghardt Du Bois As a Hater of Dark People. New York: Press of the UNIA, 1923.

----. Selections from the Poetic Meditations of Marcus Garvey. Edited by Amy Jacques Garvey. New York: n.p., 1927.

----. Speech at Royal Albert Hall-London England: The Case of the Negro for International Racial Adjustment. London: Universal Negro Improvement Association, 1928.

----. Universal Negro Improvement Association Convention Hymns. Kingston, Jamaica: 1934.

Garvey, Amy Jacques, editor. The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1923. Reprinted in 1925 and 1969.

Hill, Robert, editor. Marcus Garvey: Life and Lessons. London, England: The Regents of the University of California, 1987.

Periodicals published by Marcus Garvey: Black Man (magazine), Black Man (newspaper), Daily Negro Times, The Negro World, New Jamaican

Web Sites | Books on Garvey and the U.N.I.A.
Books and Periodicals by Garvey | Articles

"A Garvey Myth." Messenger. Vol. 5, November 1923, pp. 861-862.

"A Negro Moses and His Plans for An African Exodus." Literary Digest. Vol. 68, March 19, 1921, pp. 48-51.

"Liberia and the Universal Negro Improvement Association: The Background to the Abortion of Garvey's Scheme for African Colonization." Journal of African History. Vol. 14, 1973, pp. 105-127.

Bennett, Lerone Jr. "Ghost of Marcus." Ebony. Vol. 15, March 1960, pp. 53-58.

Briggs, Cyril. "The Decline of the Garvey Movement." Communist. Vol. 10, June 1931, pp. 547-552.

Brisbane, Robert Hughes Jr. "Some New Light on the Garvey Movement." Journal of Negro History. Vol. 1, January 1951, pp. 53-62.

----- "His Excellency: The Provincial President of Africa." Phylon. Vol. 10, 1949, pp. 257-265.

Chaka, Oba. "Marcus Garvey - The Father of Revolutionary Black Nationalism." Journal of Black Poetry. Vol. 1, 1970-1971, pp. 82-96.

Clarke, Jon Henrik. "Marcus Garvey: The Harlem Years." Transition. (Accra) October - December 1974, pp. 14-19.

----. "The Carribbean Antecedents of Marcus Garvey." In Marcus Garvey and The Vision of Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1974, pp. 180-188.

-----. "The Impact of Marcus Garvey on the Harlem Renaissance." In Marcus Garvey and the Vision of Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1974, pp. 180-188.

DuBois, W.E.B. "Marcus Garvey." Crisis. Vol. 21, No. 2, December 1920, pp. 58-60.

-----. "The Black Star Line." Crisis. Vol 24, No. 5, September 1922, pp. 210-214.

-----. "A Lunatic or a Traitor." Crisis. Vol 28, May 1924, pp. 8-9.

Elkins, W.F. "The Influence of Marcus on Africa: A British Report of 1922." Science and Society. Vol. 32, Summer 1968, pp. 321-323.

Essien-Udom, E.U. "Garvey and Garveyism." In Chace, William M. and Collier, Peter, Editors. Justice Denied: The Black Man in White America. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1970.

Fierce, Mildred C. "Economic Aspects of The Garvey Movement." Black Scholar. Vol 3, March/April 1972, pp. 50-61.

Garvey, Amy J. "Marcus Garvey and Pan-Africanism." Black World. Vol. 21, December 1971, pp. 15-18.

----. "The Political Activities of Marcus Garvey in Jamaica." Jamaica Journal. June 1972.

Grant, George S. "Garveyism and the Klu Klux Klan." Messenger. Vol. 15, October 1923, pp. 835, 836, 842.

Hart, Richard. "The Life and Resurrection of Marcus Garvey." Race. Vol. IX, No. II, 1967, pp. 217-237.

Haynes, Samuel A. "The Vision and Victory of Garvey." Vincent, Theodore G. and Chrisman, Robert, Editors. In Voices of A Black Nation: Political Journalism in The Harlem Renaissance. San Francisco: Ramparts Press.

Hill, Robert A. "The First England Years and After: 1912-1916." In Clarke, John Henrik, Marcus Garvey and the Vision of Africa. New York: Vintage Books, 1974, pp. 38-70.

Johnson, Charles S. "After Garvey-What?" Opportunity. Vol. 1, August 1923, pp. 231-233.

Langley, Jabez Ayodele. "Garveyism and African Nationalism." Race. Vol. 11, October 1969, pp. 157-160, 163-165, 160-170.

Lewis, Rupert. "Marcus Garvey - The Garvey Movement: A Promise or A Menace to Negroes?" Messenger. Vol. 2, October 1920, pp. 114-115.

Miller, Kelly. "After Marcus Garvey - What of Negroes?" Contemporary Review. (New York), Vol. 131, April 1927, pp. 492-495.

Owen Chandler. "Should Marcus Garvey Be Deported?" Messenger. Vol. 4, September 1922, pp. 479-480.

Padmore, George. "Garveyism in the West Indies." Vincent, Theodore G. and Chrisman, Robert, Editors. In Voices of A Black Nation: Political Journalism in the Harlem Renaissance. San Francisco: Ramparts Press, 1973.

Pickens, William. "Africa for the African: The Garvey Movement." Nation. Vol. 113, December 28, 1921, pp.750-751.

"Prosecution Rests in Garvey's Case." Journal and Guide. June 9, 1923, pp. 1-4.

Randolph, A. Philip. "Garveyism." Messenger. Vol. 3, September 1921, pp. 248-252.

Ransom, Reverdy Cassius. "Marcus Garvey: Mightiest Prophet." Pittsburgh Courier. December 17, 1927, p. 4.

Reed, Beverley. "Amy Jacques Garvey: Black, Beautiful, and Free." Ebony. July 1971, pp. 45-54.

Roger, Benjamin F. "William E. B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, and Pan-Africa." Journal of Negro History. Vol. 40, No. 2, 1955, pp. 154-165.

Rudwick, Elliott M. "DuBois Versus Garvey: Race Propagandists at War." Journal of Negro Education. Vol. 28, Fall 1959, pp. 421-429.

Simmons, C.W. "Negro Intellectuals' Criticism of Garveyism." Negro History Bulletin. Vol. 25, November 1961, pp. 33-35.

"Sketch of Marcus Garvey" Journal of Negro History. Vol. 25, 1940, pp. 590-592.

Starling, Lathan, Sr. and Franklin, Donald. "The Life and Work of Marcus Garvey." Negro History Bulletin. Vol. 26, No. 1, 1962-1963, pp. 36-38.

Talley, Truman Hughes. "Garvey's Empire of Ethiopia." World's Work. Vol. 41, January 1921, pp. 264-270.

----. "Marcus Garvey: The Negro Moses?" World's Work. Vol. 41, December 1920, pp. 153-166.

Tolbert, Emory. "The Garvey Movement." Opportunity. Vol. 4, November 1926, pp. 346-348.

Watkins, Ralph. "The Marcus Garvey Movement in Buffalo, New York." Afro-American in New York Life and History. Vol. 1, No. 1, January 1977, pp. 37-48.

Weisbord, Robert G. "The Back to Africa Idea." History Today. (Great Britain) Vol. 18, No. 1, 1968, pp. 30-37.



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