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Teacher's Guide: Hints for the Active Learning Questions


  1. To demonstrate that Goldman's views still have the power to create controversy, you might mention to students that in 2002, University of California officials deleted two quotations from Goldman that the director of the Emma Goldman Papers Project had used in a fund-raising letter because these officials feared the quotations would be interpreted as attacks on the Bush Administration's policy toward Iraq (information on the controversy appears on the Papers Project's Web site).

  2. Background on some of these people can be found on this Web site. The names listed here are provided only as suggestions; you may want to prepare your own list or have students make their own suggestions.


  1. Before students begin this activity, it might be useful to hold a class discussion on the reasons why government might impose restrictions during wartime that it would not impose during peacetime.

  2. Before having the discussion, you may want to work together as a class to identify other situations where persons committed acts of violence that they claimed were a form of political protest.


  1. Since many worker protections we now take for granted did not exist in Goldman's day, some students may find themselves more sympathetic to her work. Other students may disagree, arguing that her connection to acts of violence overshadows any legitimate goals she may have been seeking.

  2. Relevant information can be found in the Statistical Abstract of the United States issued each year by the U.S. Census Bureau, as well as the Census Bureau's Web site devoted to poverty data. Information can also be found from such non-governmental organizations as the Children's Defense Fund, the Heritage Foundation, and the Population Reference Bureau. In addition, the issue is addressed in books such as Edward Wolff's Top Heavy: A Study of Increasing Inequality of Wealth in America (revised edition, 2002).


  1. You may prefer to have students form groups to conduct their research.

  2. Another useful source for this activity is Goldman's book, My Disillusionment in Russia, available on the Web site of the Emma Goldman Papers Project.

page created on 3.11.2004
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