Web Sites | Books
The Federalist Papers
The Library of Congress offers full text of the 85 essays that present Hamilton's famous argument in favor of ratifying the U.S. Constitution.
U.S. Citizenship and Civics Study Materials
Make Hamilton proud! Visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Web site and brush up on the essential facts all Americans should know. In their Education & Resources section, the USCIS offers sample U.S. history and government questions to prepare immigrants for the naturalization test -- but you don't have to be an immigrant to learn more about the United States. The site also offers printable pocket versions of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
Alexander Hamilton and the Creation of the United States
The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History has assembled several dozen documents and objects related to Hamilton in this online exhibit. See money from the 1780s, portraits and documents, and a draft of Hamilton's farewell letter to his wife.
Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America
See key documents from the life of Alexander Hamilton, take a Hamilton quiz, and visit the New York and New Jersey Hamilton knew on this companion Web site to The New-York Historical Society's traveling exhibit about Hamilton.
The Federal Reserve: A History of Central Banking
The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis provides a brief history of central banks in the United States.
American Experience: The Duel
Learn about politics in the early American republic and the deadly duel between Hamilton and Aaron Burr.
American Experience: John & Abigail Adams
Explore the world of Hamilton's fellow Federalist and the United States' second president. This companion site includes an interactive map, Sites of Liberty; excerpts from the Adamses' letters describing the revolution; Adams Unbound, a look at Adams' comments on governments and human nature, and more.
American Experience: The Great Fever
A deadly disease took Hamilton's mother from him when he was just a teenager. Learn more about how yellow fever ravaged the colonial Americas -- and discover how it was stopped.
Web Sites | Books
Adair, Douglass. Edited by Trevor Colbourn. Fame and the Founding Fathers. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1974.
Bailyn, Bernard. The Debate on the Constitution. New York: The Library of America, 1993.
Baldwin, Leland Dewitt. Whiskey Rebels. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1939.
Berkin, Carol. A Brilliant Solution: Inventing the American Constitution. New York: Harcourt, 2002.
Bernstein, R. B. Thomas Jefferson. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Bowling, Kenneth B. The Creation of Washington D.C.: The Ideas and the Location of the American Capitol. Fairfax, Virginia: George Mason University Press, 1991.
Brookhiser, Richard. Alexander Hamilton: American. New York: The Free Press, 1999.
Chernow, Ron. Alexander Hamilton. New York: The Penguin Press, 2004.
Cunningham, Noble E. Jefferson v. Hamilton: Confrontations that Shaped a Nation. New York: St Martin's, 2000.
Elkins, Stanley and Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Elkins, Stanley. The Age of Federalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Ellis, Joseph J. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.
Fleming, Thomas. Duel: Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, and the Future of America. New York: Basic Books, 1999.
----. Mysteries of My Father. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, 2005.
Flexner, James Thomas. The Young Hamilton. Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.
Freeman, Joanne. Affairs of Honor. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2001.
Hamilton, Alexander. Writings. Selected by Joanne Freeman with notes. New York: Library of America, 2001.
Hamilton, Allan. The Intimate Life of Alexander Hamilton. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1911.
Harper, John Lamberton. American Machiavelli: Alexander Hamilton and the Origins of U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Hecht, Marie B. Odd Destiny: The Life of Alexander Hamilton. New York: MacMillan, 1982.
Kline, Mary-Jo, editor Alexander Hamilton: A Biography in His Own Words. New York: Harper and Row, 1973.
Knott, Stephen F. Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2005.
Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979.
McDonald, Forrest. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography. New York: Norton, 1979.
Miller, John C. Alexander Hamilton: Portrait in Paradox. New York: Harper, 1959.
Mitchell, Broadus. Alexander Hamilton: The Revolutionary Years. New York: Crowell, 1970.
----. Alexander Hamilton: The National Adventure 1788-1804. New York: MacMillan, 1962.
----. Alexander Hamilton: Youth to Maturity 1755-1788. New York: MacMillan, 1957.
----. Heritage from Hamilton. New York: Columbia University Press, 1957.
Morris, Richard B. Seven Who Shaped our Destiny: The Founding Fathers as Revolutionaries. New York: Harper and Row, 1973.
----. The Basic Ideas of Alexander Hamilton. New York: Washington Square Press, 1965.
----. Witnesses at the Creation: Hamilton, Madison, Jay and the Constitution. New York: New American Library, 1985.
Padover, Saul. The Complete Jefferson. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1943.
Randall, Willard Stern. Alexander Hamilton: A Life. New York: Harper Collins, 2003.
Rosenfeld, Richard N. American Aurora. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.
Rossiter, Clinton. The Federalist Papers: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.. New York: New America Library, 1961.
----. Alexander Hamilton and the Constitution. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1964.
Schachner, Nathan. Alexander Hamilton. New York: T. Yoseloff, 1957.
Starkey, Marion. Lace Cuffs and Leather Aprons: Popular Struggles in the Federalist Era 1783-1800. New York: Knopf, 1972.
Stewart, Donald H. The Opposition Press of the Federalist Period. Albany, New York: State University Press of New York, 1969.
Syrett, Harold, editor. Papers of Alexander Hamilton: Volume I to XXVI. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.
Walling, Karl-Friedrich. Republican Empire: Alexander Hamilton on War and Free Government. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1999.
Weisberger, Bernard A. America Afire: Jefferson, Adams, and the Revolutionary Election of 1800. New York: William Morrow, 2000.
Wills, Garry. Explaining America: The Federalist. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1981.
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