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The American Experience
America's reaction to the Holocaust
1943  
January -- State Department receives information from Switzerland that discloses that 6,000 Jews a day are being killed at one location in Poland.
 
February 2 -- Germans surrender at Stalingrad.
 
February -- The Russians begin a slow reconquest of Ukraine.
 
February 10 -- State Department asks legation in Switzerland to discontinue sending reports about the mass murder of Jews to private persons in the U.S.
 
February 13 -- "The New York Times" reports that Rumania is willing to help move 70,000 Jews from Transnistria to a safe haven chosen by the Allies.
 
March 1 -- An estimated 75,000 people show up at a "Stop Hitler Now" rally in Madison Square Garden. Only 20,000 can get in.
 
March 9 -- The Committee for a Jewish Army presents a pageant in New York called "We Will Never Die" in memory of the murdered Jews of Europe.
 
April 19 -- British and U.S. officials open a 12-day conference in Bermuda to discuss the possibility of rescuing European Jewish refugees.
 
April 19 -- First day of Warsaw ghetto uprising.
 
April 20 -- State Department receives message from Gerhart Riegner outlining plan to rescue Rumanian and French Jews.
 
May 4 -- Ad in the "The New York Times" taken out by Jewish activists assails the Bermuda Conference as: "a mockery and a cruel jest."
 
May 16 -- Nazis liquidate the Warsaw ghetto.
 
June -- Chief of the U.S. Visa Division admits that Spanish consulates are withholding visas from refugees who had advisory approvals.
 
July 16 -- The Treasury Department is prepared to issue license allowing for the transfer of funds from Jewish organizations in the U.S. to Switzerland. The money would be used to help rescue Jews from Rumania and France.
 
July 20 - 25 -- The Emergency Conference to Save the Jewish People of Europe takes place in New York City. 1500 people attend.
 
July 24 -- Mussolini is toppled from power in Italy.
 
July -- Jan Karski, a courier for the Polish resistance, meets with FDR, giving him an eyewitness account of the Holocaust.
 
August -- A report received by Jewish leaders in the U.S. advises that the death toll of European Jews has reached four million.
 
September -- A bill is introduced into the House that would allow refugees who don't endanger public safety to come to the U.S. temporarily. The bill doesn't reach the floor of either House.
 
September 3 -- Italy secretly signs an armistice with the Allies.
 
October 6 -- Four hundred Orthodox rabbis gather outside the White House to present a petition to FDR calling for a rescue agency. The president declines to meet them.
 
October -- Danish citizens help 7,200 Jews in Denmark escape to Sweden.
 
November 9 -- Identical resolutions are introduced into the House and Senate calling on the president to create a government rescue agency.
 
November 10 -- FDR suggests setting up refugee camps in North Africa and southern Europe. State Department demolishes plan.
 
November 26 -- Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long testifies in the House on the rescue resolution.


1933 - 1940 | 1941 - 1942 | 1943 | 1944 - 1945

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