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The American Experience
Image map: dates 1902 - 1988
1975

1975 - July
July
The United States and the Soviet Union team up to launch the first international manned space mission. The mission goes under the name of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.

August
The U.S. launches "Viking I", a space probe bound for Mars. "Viking I" landed on Mars in July, 1976 and remained there for over six years. The unmanned probe transmitted pictures of the planet's surface and conducted research.


1977


August
The Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker "Arktika" reaches the North Pole and becomes the first surface ship to break through the Arctic ice pack to the top of the world.


1978


April
Fending off attacks by polar bears, Japanese explorer Naomi Uemura becomes the first man to reach the North Pole alone by way of dog sled. Uemura traveled 600 miles over a period of 54 days.


1981

1981
April
The United States launches the space shuttle "Columbia", the first re-usable manned spacecraft.


1982


April
British explorers Sir Ranulph Fiennes and Charles Burton reach the North Pole and establish themselves as the first party to circle the earth from pole to pole. The two had reached the South Pole sixteen months earlier. The entire expedition took three years and cost an estimated $18 million.


1983


June
Sally Ride, one of the crew of the space shuttle "Challenger", becomes the first U.S. woman in space.



1902 - 1915 | 1916 - 1958 |1961 - 1969 | 1975 - 1983 | 1986 - 1998

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