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In these interview excerpts, family and friends remember Malcolm X. His brothers describe the young Malcolm Little growing up in Lansing; two Harlem activists reflect on the electricity Malcolm X generated within their community; and an award-winning author describes working with the civil rights leader in co-authoring his autobiography.

Footage courtesy of Washington University Film & Media Archive, The Henry Hampton Collection.

Biographies and Topics

Wilfred Little

Wilfred Little:
Malcolm X's eldest brother Wilfred Little (also Wilfred X) was also a member of the Nation of Islam. He was a teacher and community activist in Detroit.

An Adventuresome Child
Growing Up in Lansing

Philbert Little

Philbert Little:
Philbert Little (also Philbert X and Abdul Aziz Omar) was Malcolm's older brother and a member of the Nation of Islam.

Head of the Class
A Braggadocio

Ossie Davis

Ossie Davis:
Ossie Davis was an actor, playwright, director, and civil rights activist. He gave eulogies for both Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., who both looked to him for friendship and support.

A Missionary
Street Wit

Sonia Sanchez

Sonia Sanchez:
Sonia Sanchez is a poet, playwright, teacher, and activist. As a young person she was an integrationist and followed the teachings of Martin Luther King Jr. When she heard Malcolm X, she became a supporter of his message of black pride and separatism. In 1971 she became a member of the Nation of Islam, but left the group in 1976.

Harlem Demonstration
Reaching a Broad Audience

Alex Haley

Alex Haley:
Alex Haley, a novelist and journalist, began working on The Autobiography of Malcolm X with Malcolm in 1963. The book was published after Malcolm's death in 1965.

Driving Around Harlem
A Synthesis of Roles

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Malcolm X: Make It Plain American Experience

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