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Teacher's Guide: Hints for the Active Learning Questions


  1. Groups assigned to Washington and Du Bois may want to begin by reading speeches by Washington and Du Bois and obituaries of Washington and Du Bois.

  2. Students can learn about major events in their assigned year by consulting these timelines.


  1. (a) see Table 92, (b) see Table 100, (c) see Table 139, (d) see Table 212, (e) see Table 297, (f) see Table 665, (g) see Table 689, (h)see Table 950. Many of these tables also contain historical data showing changes over time; you may want students to include some of this data as well. You also may want to choose different topics than the ones presented here, or additional topics.

  2. As background, students may want to read about the Poor People's Campaign of 1968, which tried to connect the equal rights struggle with the struggle for greater economic opportunity.


  1. Certain speeches by King can be found at the Martin Luther King Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University. You can read King's most famous speech, the "I have a dream" speech from 1963. Students may also want to view a series of interviews with Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. and read speeches by King and Malcolm X on the issue of voting.

    In cases where both the transcript and an audio or video clip are available for a given speech, students may want to read the speech before hearing or seeing it in order to evaluate its style and substance separately.

  2. Possible events to include his father's death, his mother's institutionalization, his 1946 conviction, his decision to join the Nation of Islam, his refusal to embrace non-violence, his decision to break with the Nation of Islam, and his assassination.


  1. The Timeline contains information that will be useful in selecting locations.

  2. One source of this information is The World Factbook, published annually by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

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