Web Sites | Books | Articles
The Official Site of the Miss America Organization
Visit the Miss America Organization's Web site for more pageant history, state competition information, news releases, photographs, and a summary of the current Miss America's appearance schedule.
American Women in the Twentieth Century
Columbia University history professor Rosalind Rosenberg's Web site for a course on American women in the twentieth century includes a syllabus with lecture notes and discussion questions, a reading list, and relevant Web sites.
American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt
Take an in-depth look at one of the twentieth century's most influential women, first lady Eleanor Roosevelt. This American Experience Web site includes excerpts from Eleanor's secret FBI file, 28 of her published newspaper columns, and a feature on women's fashion from 1890 to 1941.
American Experience: Fly Girls
During World War II more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military. On this American Experience Web site, read a book excerpt by a woman military test pilot, learn about historic women aviators, and tour a B-29 Superfortress.
From Domesticity to Modernity: What Was Home Economics?
An excellent Web exhibit from the Cornell University library offers pictures, biographies, interviews, a timeline, and a bibliography all charting the history of home economics, a critical pathway into higher education for American women in the early 20th century.
NOW's History of Marches and Mass Actions
The National Organization for Women provides this compelling list of peaceful mass actions as an inspiration to activists for social change today.
Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement
The Duke University Special Collections Library presents an online archive of writings focusing on the radical origins of the women's liberation movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The CWLU Herstory Web site
The Chicago Women's Liberation Union Herstory Web site showcases its historical archive of writings in the areas of consciousness, sexuality, health, family, work, organizing, and internationalism, including Pat Mainardi's funny, angry 1970 article, "The Politics of Housework."
Men's and Women's Earnings Compared
The Department of Labor's Women's Bureau has used census and other data to compile this chart documenting disparities in income between the sexes from 1951 to 1999.
Thinner Miss Americas
An Associated Press story from March 22, 2000 reports on an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association studying changes in Miss Americas' heights and weights over time, discussing beauty pageants' negative effects on the diets and lifestyles of American young women, and criticizing pageant winners as too thin.
Fast Stats: Body Measurements
Curious about how you measure up? Check the National Center for Health Statistics' Web page on average American body measurements, with several related links.
NOVA: Dying to Be Thin
The companion Web site to PBS' NOVA documentary on eating disorders includes the entire program in streaming video, an archive of questions and answers with experts, and a forum where viewers shared their own stories.
The National Eating Disorders Association
This organization offers a reading list, treatment referrals, and information including the facts, warning signs, and health consequences for various conditions; advice on how to help a friend with an eating problem; and tips for becoming a critical viewer of the media.
Period Patterns and the Modern Figure
This interesting article tracking changes in the average woman's body proportions from 1879 to 1997 -- and the role of corsets in creating those proportions -- is part of a multilingual Web site on the history of costume. The site also presents historical clothing patterns, hairdos, magazine ads, and pictures.
Web Sites | Books | Articles
Banet-Weiser, Sarah. The Most Beautiful Girl in the World: Beauty Pageants and National Identity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Banner, Lois W. American Beauty: A Social History Through Two Centuries of the American Idea, Ideal, and Image of the Beautiful Woman. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983.
Bivens, Ann Marie. Miss America: In Pursuit of the Crown. New York: Master Media Limited, 1991.
Brumberg, Joan Jacobs. The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. New York: Random House, 1997.
Cohen, Colleen Ballerino, Wilk, Richard, and Beverly Stoeltje, eds. Beauty Queens on the Global Stage: Gender, Contests, and Power. New York: Routledge, 1996.
Douglas, Susan J. Where the Girls Are: Growing Up Female with the Mass Media. New York: Random House, 1994.
Evans, Sara M. Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America. New York: Free Press Paperbacks, 1997.
Fitzgerald, Zelda. The Collected Writings. Edited by Matthew J. Bruccoli. New York: Scribner, 1991.
Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York : W.W. Norton, 2001.
Henretta, James. America's History since 1865. Vol. 2. Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1987.
Kunhardt Jr., Philip B., Philip B. Kunhardt III, and Peter W. Kunhardt. P. T. Barnum: America's Greatest Showman, An Illustrated Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
Levi, Vicki Gold, and Lee Eisenberg. Atlantic City: 125 Years of Ocean Madness. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press, 1994.
Osborne, Angela. Miss America: The Dream Lives On: A 75 Year Celebration. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1995.
Peiss, Kathy. Hope in a Jar: the Making of America's Beauty Culture. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1998.
Riverol, A. R. Live From Atlantic City: the History of the Miss America Pageant Before, After, and In Spite of Television. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1992.
Savage, Candace. Beauty Queens: A Playful History. New York: Abeville Press, 1998.
Spock, Benjamin. Baby and Child Care. New York: Pocket Books, 1957.
Ware, Susan. Modern American Women: A Documentary History. Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
Wolf, Naomi. The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty are Used Against Women. New York : Anchor Books, 1992.
Web Sites | Books | Articles
----. "No More Miss America!" in Robin Morgan, ed., Sisterhood is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings from the Women's Liberation Movement. New York:Vintage, 1970, 521-524.
----. "And the Winner of the Miss America Pageant for 1990 is Bert Parks, Back from his Crowning Indignity." People Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 10 (September 10, 1990): 120-122.
Curtis, Charlotte. "Miss America Pageant is Picketed by 100 Women." The New York Times, September 8, 1968: 81.
Goodman, Mark. "Last Song for Bert." Obituary. People Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 6 (February 17, 1992): 111-112.