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New Orleans
Timeline: New Orleans

1682 - 1913 | 1921 - 2006  

1682

Sieur de La Salle, priests and others on shore as supplies are unloaded from a ship. 1698. April 9: French explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and a small party arrive at the mouth of the Mississippi River. La Salle claims the region and names it Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV of France.

1699

Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville, establishes the French colony of Louisiana.

1718

Etching of Jean Baptiste Bienville. Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, founds the city of New Orleans, then known as La Nouvelle-Orléans.

1723

New Orleans becomes the capital of the Louisiana colony.

1763

February 10: The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Seven Years' War and resulting in Spain taking possession of New Orleans from France.

1788

March 21: A large fire sweeps through New Orleans, destroying more than 850 buildings.

1800

October 1: After the signing of the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso, France reacquires Louisiana from Spain.

1803

Louisiana Purchase Treaty, April 30, 1803. April 30: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for about $15 million. The acquisition doubled the size of the United States.

1812

April 30: Louisiana is admitted to the Union.

1814

Battle of New Orleans and death of Major General Packenham. December: The Battle of New Orleans begins. By January 1815 General Andrew Jackson and his forces defeat the British.

1835

March 3: An act of Congress authorizes a U.S. Mint in New Orleans.

1840

Interior of Antoine's Rex Room with members of Rex Krewe. 1910. The country's oldest family-run restaurant, Antoine's, opens its doors in New Orleans. Patrons have included Franklin Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Pope John Paul II.

1853

New Orleans suffers its worst epidemic of yellow fever, which kills approximately 9,000 people.

1857

Night procession of the Mystic Krewe of Comus during Mardi Gras. May 1858. Mardi Gras in its modern form debuts in New Orleans with the establishment of the parading organization called the "Mistick Krewe of Comus."

1861

January 26: Louisiana secedes from the Union.

April 12: Confederate forces fire on Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Civil War breaks out.

1862

April 28: Under the command of Rear Admiral David G. Farragut, a Union naval fleet captures New Orleans. Union forces control the city until the end of the Civil War.

1868

Extract from the reconstructed Constitution of the state of Louisiana, with portraits of the distinguished members of the Convention & Assembly, 1868. April: Louisiana's Reconstruction government approves a Constitution that extends voting rights to black males and integrates public schools and public accommodations.

June 25: Louisiana is readmitted to the Union.

1872

The Krewe of Rex, establishing a king of the Carnival, is founded.

Famed French impressionist artist Edgar Degas stays in New Orleans, where he creates at least 22 works of art.

1884

Horticultural Hall. World's Industrial & Cotton Centennial Exposition at New Orleans, La. 1884. New Orleans hosts the World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition.

1890

July 10: The general assembly of Louisiana passes a law requiring segregation of railway cars in the state.

1890

October 20: Considered the first great jazz composer and pianist, Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton is born in New Orleans.

1892

June 7: Homer Plessy, who is categorized as seven-eighths Caucasian and one-eighth African, boards a train in New Orleans reserved for white passengers. He is arrested and will fight the charge all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court.

1896

Justices of the United States Supreme Court, 1896. John Marshall Harlan, 1833-1911. May 18: The U.S. Supreme Court delivers the Plessy v. Ferguson decision, affirming the Louisiana state law that mandated segregation.

1901

August 4: Louis Armstrong, who would become known as the father of jazz, is born in New Orleans.

1905

Illustration of Aedes aegypti adult mosquito, vector of yellow fever. Yellow fever strikes New Orleans for the final time, killing more than 400 people.

1909

Exterior of the US Mint office in New Orleans. The U.S. Mint in New Orleans coins its last currency.

1912

The Louisiana state legislature grants a charter to Loyola University in New Orleans.

1913

Albert Baldwin Wood and others inside his screw pump, 1929. Albert Baldwin Wood invents the Wood screw pump, which would be used to reduce flooding in New Orleans.

1682 - 1913 | 1921 - 2006  

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