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New Orleans
Timeline: New Orleans

1682 - 1913 | 1921 - 2006  

1921

An amendment to the Louisiana Constitution on the preservation of New Orleans' Vieux Carré, also called the French Quarter, leads to the creation of the Vieux Carré Commission to safeguard the area.

1927

Girl on steps and man in a boat at a half flooded home during the 1927 flood. April 15: Fifteen inches of rain falls on New Orleans in 18 hours, causing disastrous flooding.

April 29: New Orleans dynamites the Poydras levee in an attempt to direct the flood waters away from the city.

1938

Tennessee Williams, 31, at his typewriter in his New York City apartment. 1942. December 26: Fleeing his home in St. Louis, Tennessee Williams arrives in New Orleans. He would become one of the nation's preeminent playwrights and set several of his works in his adopted hometown.

1939

February 13: "The Little Foxes," a play written by New Orleans-native Lillian Hellman about the struggles of a Southern family, opens on Broadway.

1947

The film New Orleans, with Louis Armstrong and Billie Holliday, is released.

Portrait of Marlon Brando, in "A Streetcar Named Desire," 1948. December 3: Set in New Orleans, "A Streetcar Named Desire" opens on Broadway. The play would win the Pulitzer Prize. A film version starring Marlon Brando would be released in 1951.

1949

Louis Armstrong as Zulu King, 1949. March 1: Louis Armstrong is celebrated in his hometown as king of the Mardi Gras by the Zulu Social and Pleasure Club.

1954

May 17: The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education strikes down the precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson.

1960

November 14: Six-year-old Ruby Bridges enters the William Frantz Public Elementary School in New Orleans, the first black student to enroll in the formerly all-white school. Her presence triggers protests and an exodus of white students from the school.

1961

Preservation Hall, designed as a venue to showcase the jazz tradition of New Orleans, opens.

1962

Tulane University School of Medicine. December 12: After a lawsuit was filed to desegregate the institution, the board of Tulane University votes to admit black students.

1965

Hundreds Flee Hurricane Betsy. September, 1965. September 9-10: Hurricane Betsy strikes New Orleans, bringing winds of 125 miles per hour, causing widespread flooding, and killing dozens of residents.

1967

September 17: The New Orleans Saints football teams plays its inaugural game at Tulane Stadium.

1970

January 11: New Orleans hosts its first Super Bowl. The city has hosted the National Football League championship game a total of nine times.

April: The annual New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival is held for the first time, with gospel singer and New Orleans-native Mahalia Jackson appearing.

1971

Louis Armstrong, 1930s. July 6: Renowned jazz trumpeter and vocalist Louis Armstrong dies at his home in Queens, New York.

1975

September 28: The New Orleans Superdome, which hosts the New Orleans Saints and would house survivors of Hurricane Katrina, opens.

1978

Ernest (Dutch) Morial May 1: The first black mayor of New Orleans, Ernest Morial is sworn into office.

1984

May 12: The Louisiana World Exposition opens in New Orleans. It becomes the only exposition to declare bankruptcy during its run.

1987

September: Pope John Paul II visits New Orleans during a tour of the United States.

1988

August: The Republican National Convention, which names George H.W. Bush as party nominee for president, is held in New Orleans.

2005

August 28: The National Weather Service issues an advisory, warning that Katrina is a "potentially catastrophic category 5 hurricane."

An aerial view showing massive flooding in sections of New Orleans, Louisiana (LA), four days after Hurricane Katrina battered the Gulf Coast, leaving millions of people with out power and hundreds of thousands homeless. August 29: Hurricane Katrina makes landfall on the Louisiana coast. Levees are breached in New Orleans, flooding portions of the city.

August 30: Large parts of New Orleans are flooded as residents crowd the Superdome.

August 31: Louisiana Governor Katherine Blanco and New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin order a complete evacuation of the city. The first buses transport residents from the Superdome to Houston.

A US Army helicopter flies towards the Louisiana Super Dome being used as a central staging and relocation center for thousands of displaced New Orleans residents after the flooding and devastation of Hurricane Katrina. September 1: President George W. Bush asks Congress for $10.5 billion in relief funds while National Guard troops help evacuate the Superdome.

September 2: President Bush flies to New Orleans to survey the damage after praising Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) director Michael Brown for his handling of the crisis.

September 4: The Superdome is fully evacuated.

September 12: Under heavy criticism, Michael Brown resigns as director of FEMA as water levels drop in New Orleans.

2006

President George W. Bush helps volunteers from Operation Rebuilding Hands with the construction of a home in New Orleans, Louisiana, Thursday, April 27, 2006. August 29: President Bush returns to New Orleans on the one-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, pledging to spend $110 billion to rebuild the area. The hurricane killed more than 1,600 people and many thousands remain displaced.

1682 - 1913 | 1921 - 2006  

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