Skip PBS navigation bar, and jump to content.
Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS

The Film & More
Film Description
Primary Sources
Further Reading

Special Features
People & Events
Teacher's Guide

spacer above content
Film Description

Reenactors The Revolutionary War may be over, but one of its best-known battles is still being fought. More than two centuries after the Lexington militiamen rallied against His Majesty's regulars at what would become known as the Battle of Lexington and Concord, sixty-five redcoats and sixty-seven colonial patriots face off each April 19 to bring to life the beginning of the American Revolution.

Patriots Day, a one-hour verité-style documentary from Marian Marzynski (Shtetl), follows reenactors as they prepare for and engage in this annual encounter.

The modern-day Lexington minute men and their British counterparts switch between centuries (eighteenth and twenty-first), roles (military and civilian), and allegiances (revolutionary and loyalist). They pride themselves on the authenticity of their uniforms and pay painstaking attention to recreating every detail of the battle. Yet the realities of twenty-first century life are undeniably part of the occasion. Chirping cell phones alert powdered-wig wearing commanders to troop movements. Big yellow school buses transport weary redcoats from one encounter with the revolutionaries to the next. Traditional uniforms are stitched on modern sewing machines. And all the while the cameras are rolling.

The historically white, male, Anglo-Saxon troops today include people like Kristen Acorn, a private in the British First Regiment of Footguards, and banker Henry Liu, who says, "I was concerned about being Asian, but everyone kept telling me, don't worry about it, just come celebrate the history with us." Charles Price honors his African American heritage by assuming the identity of Prince Estabrook, a slave who joins the militia with the hope of obtaining his freedom.

Mike Coppe, a pediatric dentist, joined the Lexington Minute Men twenty-three years ago, playing the part of militiaman Nathaniel Mulliken for twenty years, before switching sides to become one of King George's finest. Clinton Jackson, who had five relatives serve in the original American Revolution, finds gratification in the smallest details, such as the type of linen used in reenactors' uniforms: "It itches and scratches -- I not only look like this individual, I feel like him." Jackson also admits that engaging in the battle brings him something larger: "Just like everybody else in our society today, I am confused as to what the country stands for; whether the constitution really works; whether the government is straight or crooked. I have to find a reference point." Electrical engineer Paul O'Shaughnessy -- known to his troops as British Major John Pitcairn -- spends his weekdays as a manager at a biotech company, and his weekends trooping the colors and participating in military drills. "The twenty-first century slips away," he says. "There is just the smoke and the flames and the swords and bayonets. That is the moment you've been waiting for. It really is a magical thing."

In military terms, the original battle of Lexington and Concord was not a major encounter. But over the centuries it has assumed a near-mythical quality: witness Ralph Waldo Emerson's poem, Concord Hymn, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Paul Revere's Ride, Daniel Chester French's Minute Man statue, and the latest on the subject, historian David Hackett Fischer's book, Paul Revere's Ride. Then there are the thousands of people -- both tourists and New England natives -- who annually flock to the battle sites in Lexington and Concord to observe the early dawn reenactment of the conflict on the third Monday in April, a state holiday in Massachusetts since 1894. Says Marzynski, "Following the reenactors gave me a new perspective on patriotism and civic duty. Patriots Day celebrates these ordinary, inspired lives; their true, far from textbook, passion for history; their admiration for this country's humble beginning. Plus, they have so much fun doing it."

Film Credits

page created on 3.30.2004
Site Navigation

The Film & More: Film Description | Transcript |  Primary Sources |  Further Reading | Acknowledgements

Patriots Day Home | The Film & More | Special Features | Timeline
Maps | People & Events | Teacher's Guide

American Experience | Feedback | Search | Shop | Subscribe | Web Credits

© New content 1997-2004 PBS Online / WGBH

Patriots Day American Experience

Exclusive Corporate Funding is provided by: