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Timeline: Patriots Day and Related Events

1770-1775 | 1775-2000  


April 19: (continued):

Spotting smoke in the town, 400 minute men descend from their positions towards town via the North Bridge. Confronting a small group of British soldiers at the bridge, the minute men are fired upon and return fire, killing three British and wounding nine others. Two minute men are killed and four are wounded.

The various British companies regroup in the center of Concord. Tired from having marched through the night, they rest for a couple hours before they begin their journey back to Boston.

Now numbering more than a 1000, the minute men race to meet the British at Meriam's Corner. There, the Americans open a relentless attack as the British retrace their path towardsLexington and the safety of Boston.

Captain Parker and his Lexington minute men avenge their fallen comrades in a second clash when the British regulars return to their town.

General Percy and the King's Own 4th Regiment meet the retreating British soldiers and absorb them into their ranks. Percy's cannons open up on the local buildings, destroying any potential sniper positions.

By the time the British reach Menotomy (now Arlington, Massachusetts), the American ranks have grown to more than 1900 men. The fighting here will claim about half of all the lives lost that day.

Percy's men finally arrive at Bunker Hill where they are able to rest for the boats that will take them back to Boston. By the day's end the rebel force has grown to close to 4000.

April 20: Local militias lay siege to the British-occupied city of Boston.

Late April: In the days and weeks that followed, local militia continued to gather in Massachusetts from neighboring colonies.

Bunker Hill June 17: At the Battle of Bunker Hill,Dr. Joseph Warren and Royal Marine Major John Pitcairn are both killed. Although the British capture the position, their heavy casualties against the smaller Colonial force constitutes a loss.

Washington and American Army July 3: A Virginian, George Washington, takes command of the Continental Army in Cambridge, Massachusetts.


March 17: After 11 months, the Siege of Boston ends; the British leave the city.


July 4: Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Concord Hymn" is sung at the ceremony for the completion of the Concord Battle Monument. Generations of American schoolchildren will memorize his lines describing "the shot heard round the world."


As a divided nation heads toward Civil War, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, another American poet, composes "Tales of a Wayside Inn," including "Paul Revere's Ride," which will also become one of America's most famous poems.


First observance of Patriot's Day as a Massachusetts state holiday.


Congress establishes Minute Man National Historical Park, encompassing the sites of the Patriot's Day skirmishes in Lexington and Concord.


Patriot's Day is officially designated as the third Monday of April, in the states of Maine and Massachusetts.


April 17: The 225th anniversary of the Battles of Lexington and Concord features an especially large parade.

1770-1775 | 1775-2000  

page created on 3.30.2004
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