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About the Film

Forty Acres and a Mule
Plantations in Ruins
Black Legislators
Northerners in the South
Access to Learning
Slave to Sharecropper
The Negro Question
In God We Trust
White Men Unite
State by State

Teacher's Guide

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Northerners in the South
Northerners in the South

Freedmen's Bureau representatives like Union veteran Marshall Twitchell travel South to enforce post-Civil War order and protect former slaves. White Southerners view the new arrivals as "carpetbaggers" -- opportunists and exploiters bent on grabbing economic and political benefits.

Primary Sources

Building Up the Country
Marshall Twitchell describes his role in smoothing the transition from slavery.

Refusing to Pander to Prejudices
Georgia governor Rufus Bullock bemoans the mindset of racists in his state.

Special Features

Q&A: Rebuilding the South After the War
Historians explain the problems of rebuilding a region destroyed by war.

Further Reading

Web Sites
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page created on 12.19.03
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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
About the Film | Forty Acres and a Mule | Plantations in Ruins | Black Legislators
Northerners in the South | Access to Learning | Slave to Sharecropper | The Negro Question
In God We Trust | White Men Unite | State by State | Teacher's Guide

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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War American Experience

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