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Forty Acres and a Mule
Plantations in Ruins
Black Legislators
Northerners in the South
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Slave to Sharecropper
The Negro Question
In God We Trust
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In God We Trust: Further Reading

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Further Reading

Find resources related to nineteenth-century religion on this page, or access a general bibliography for Reconstruction in the State by State section of this site.

Web sites

African American Odyssey: The Role of the Black Church
The Library of Congress's American Memory Web site includes an exhibit on African American history that explores the role of the black church as a center of activism and a bulwark of faith.

Histories of African American Churches

Part of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill's Documenting the American South archive, these church histories shed light on the growth of African American religious organizations in America.

America's Reconstruction: Building the Black Community: The Church
The Digital History Web site, a collaboration between the University of Houston, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and other institutions, presents an online version of Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney's exhibit on Reconstruction. This section describes the rise of black churches and their importance to African Americans' conceptions of freedom.


Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Gilpin Faust, Drew. The Ideology of Slavery: Proslavery Throughout the Antebellum South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.

Hill, Samuel S. Varieties of Southern Religious Experience. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.

Stowell, Daniel W. Rebuilding Zion: The Religious Reconstruction of the South, 1863-1877. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Shriver, George H. Pilgrims Through the Years: A Bicentennial History of First Baptist Church, Savannah, Georgia. Franklin, Tennessee: Providence House Publishers, 1999.

Lincoln, C. Eric and Mamiya, Lawrence H. The Black Church in the African American Experience. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1990.

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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
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