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State by State: Further Reading

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Further Reading

This page presents a general bibliography for Reconstruction. For books and Web sites related to specific topics including sharecroppers, education, black suffrage and political participation, carpetbaggers, and more, please refer to the Further Reading pages accessible from the topical sections of this site.

Web sites

Library of Congress: African American Odyssey
The Library of Congress's American Memory Web site includes this special exhibit tracing African American history and the quest for full citizenship. It includes a section on Reconstruction that provides links to original documents.

Documenting the American South
The University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill's Documenting the American South archive has collected and published online over 1200 sources on Southern history, literature and culture, including dozens of first-person accounts of the Civil War and Reconstruction. A subject index provides useful access to the collection.

America's Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War
The Digital History Web site, a collaboration between the University of Houston, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and other institutions, presents an online version of Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney's exhibit on Reconstruction.

Africans in America
Companion site to a PBS documentary on America's journey through slavery, this site provides ample primary sources, historian interviews and other resources for learning about slavery from first settlement through the Civil War.

American Experience:John Brown's Holy War
Learn about the man whose violent crusade against slavery would spark the Civil War. The site features virtual tours of locations in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia that are important to Brown's story, and an exploration of the song, "John Brown's Body."

American Experience:The Time of the Lincolns
Explore the long-vanished world of Mary Todd and Abraham Lincoln, including arguments for and against slavery, the economic growth of America in the mid-19th century, women's suffrage, the bloody Civil War, and the partisan politics that divided the nation in two. The site features extensive primary sources, a virtual tour of a slave cabin, and the experiences of a Confederate and a Union soldier as they go to war.

American Experience:Ulysses S. Grant
On this American Experience site, pay a visit to Grant's frontier childhood, fight Confederate forces at Shiloh, read one of the most popular books of the 19th century -- Grant's Personal Memoirs -- and learn about the Union general who became a U.S. president during the eras of Civil War and Reconstruction.

American Experience: Jubilee Singers
This Web site tells the story of a group of young ex-slaves in Reconstruction-era Nashville, Tennessee, who set out on a mission to save their financially troubled school by giving concerts. The site features audio and video clips of the current-day Fisk University Jubilee Singers performing spirituals.


Anderson, Eric and Moss, Alfred. The Facts of Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of John Hope Franklin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.

Angell, Stephen Ward. Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

Ayer, Edward. The Promise of the New South: Life after Reconstruction. Oxford University Press, 1992.

Ayers, Edward L. and Willis, John C., eds. The Edge of the South. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991.

Ballard, Allen B. One More Day's Journey. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1984.

----. Where I'm Bound. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Bedwell, Randall, ed. May I Quote You, General Grant: Observations and Utterances from The North's Great Generals. Nashville: Cumberland Press, 1998.

Benfey, Christopher. Degas in New Orleans: Encounters in the Creole World of Kate Chopin and George Washington Cable. New York: Knopf, 1997.

Berlin, Ira, Fields, Barbara, Miller, Steven, et al. Slaves No More. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Berlin, Ira, and Rowland, Leslie S. Freedom: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982, 1993.

Blight, David. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Botume, Elizabeth Hyde. First Days Amongst the Contrabands. Boston: Lee and Shepard Publishers, 1893.

Bradley, Mark L. This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Brandwin, Pamela. Reconstructing Reconstruction: The Supreme Court and the Production of Historical Truth. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.

Catton, Bruce. Grant Moves South, 1861-1863. Boston: Little, Brown and Co. 1960.

----. Grant Takes Command, 1863-1865. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1960.

----. U.S. Grant and the American Military Tradition. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1954.

Clinton, Catherine. Civil War Stories. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

Cox, LaWanda. Freedom, Racism, and Reconstruction: Collected Writings of LaWanda Cox. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Currie-McDaniel, Ruth. Carpetbagger of Conscience: A Biography of John Emory Bryant. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

Dailey, Jane, Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth, and Simon, Bryant, eds. Jumpin' Jim Crow: Southern Politics from Civil War to Civil Rights. Trenton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Davies, Ronald L. Good and Faithful: From Slavery to Sharecropping in the Natchez District, 1860-90. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Davis, Jack E. Race Against Time: Culture and Separation in Natchez Since 1930. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.

Dennett, John Richard. The South As It Is: 1865-1866. New York: The Viking Press, 1965.

Diffley, Kathleen. Where My Heart Is Turning Ever: Civil War Stories and Constitutional Reform,1861-1875. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Drago, Edmund. Hurrah for Hampton: Black Red Shirts in South Carolina during Reconstruction. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998.

Du Bois, W.E.B. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880. New York: Touchstone, 1995.

Eaton, John. Grant, Lincoln, and the Freedmen. Cambridge: University Press, 1907.

Eirligh, Everett. Grant Speaks. New York: Warner Books, 2000.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. James Henry Hammond and the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982.

Fischer, Roger A. The Segregation Struggle in Louisiana 1862-1877. University of Illinois Press, 1974.

Fitzgerald, Michael W. The Union League Movement in the Deep South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

----. A Short History of Reconstruction. New York: Perennial Library, 1990.

Foner, Eric and Mahoney, Olivia America's Reconstruction: People and Politics after the Civil War . New York: Harper Perennial, 1995.

Forbes, Ella. African American Women during the Civil War. New York: Garland, 1998.

Frankel, Noralee. Freedom's Women: Black Women and Families in Civil War Era Mississippi. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1999.

Franklin, John Hope. Reconstruction after the Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Grant, Ulysses S. Grant: Memoirs and Selected Letters. Washington, DC: The Library of America, 1990.

Gutman, Herbert G. Slavery and the Numbers Game. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975.

Hakim, Joy. Reconstruction and Reform, 1865-1870. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Harlan, Malvina Shanklin. Some Memories of A Long Life, 1854-1911. Journal of Supreme Court History, v.26, no. 2, 2001.

Hermann, Janet Sharp. Joseph E. Davis: Pioneer Patriarch. University Press of Mississippi, 1990.

----. Pursuit of a Dream. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Hesseltine, William B. Ulysses S. Grant: Politican. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1967.

Hollandsworth, James An Absolute Massacre: the New Orleans Race Riot of July 30, 1866. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.

Holt, Thomas and Glymph, Thavolia. Major Problems in African-American History: Documents and Essays. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

Houzeau, Jean-Charles. My Passage at the New Orleans Tribune: A Memoir of the Civil War Era. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

Hutchinson, A. Code of Mississippi: Being an Analytical Compilation of the Public and General Statutes of the Territory and State with Tabular References to the Local and Private Acts from 1798 to 1848. Price and Fall, 1848.

Jaynes, Gerald David. Branches Without Roots. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Kaltman, Al. Cigars, Whiskey and Winning: Leadership Lessons from General Ulysses S. Grant. Paramus: Prentice Hall Press, 1998.

Keegan, John. The Mask of Command. New York: Viking, 1987.

Lockett Avary, Myrta. Dixie after the War: An Exposition of Social Conditions Existing in the South During the Twelve Years Succeeding the Fall of Richmond. New York: Doubleday, 1906.

Murray, Pauli. Proud Shoes. Boston: Beacon Press, 1956.

Nelson, Scott Reynolds. Iron Confederacies: Southern Railways, Klan Violence and Reconstruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Nolen, Claude H. African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War and Reconstruction. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2001.

Pearson, Elizabeth Ware. Letters from Port Royal Written at the Time of the Civil War. Boston: W.B. Clarke Company, 1906.

Perret, Geoffrey. Ulysses S. Grant: Soldier and President. New York: Random House, 1997.

Potts, Bobby. Historic Homes of the Deep South and Delta Country. New Orleans: Express Publishing, 1992.

Richardson, Heather Cox. The Death of Reconstruction. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Ripley, C. Peter. The Black Abolitionist Papers, vol. IV, The United States, 1847-1858. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Rosengarten, Theodore. Tombee: Portrait of a Cotton Planter. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1987.

Schwalm, Leslie. A Hard Fight For We. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Schweiniger, Loren. James T. Rapier and Reconstruction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Shockley, Ann Allen. Afro-American Women Writers. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1988.

Simpson, Brooks D. The Reconstruction Presidents. St. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.

Smith, John David. Black Voices from Reconstruction, 1865-1877. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997.

Sterling, Dorothy. We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the 19th Century. New York: W.W. Norton, 1984.

Sumners, Cecil L. The Governors of Mississippi. New York: Pelican Publishing Company, 1998.

Taylor, Richard. Deconstruction and Reconstruction. New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1955.

Thomas, Benjamin, ed. Three Years With Grant. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1955.

Tindall, George Brown. South Carolina Negroes, 1877-1900. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1952.

White, Howard A. The Freedmen's Bureau in Louisiana. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1970.

Wilkie, Curtis. Dixie: A Personal Odyssey Through Historic Events That Shaped the Modern South. New York: Scribner, 2001.

Wilkins, Roger. Jefferson's Pillow: The Founding Fathers and the Dilemma of Black Patriotism. Boston: Beacon Press, 2001.

Willis, John C. Forgotten Time: The Yazoo-Mississippi Delta after the Civil War. Charlottesville: University Press of Viriginia, 2000.

Woodward, C. Vann. The Burden of Southern History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1993.

----. The Strange Career of Jim Crow: A Commemorative Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. The Shaping of Southern Culture: Honor, Grace, and War, 1760s-1890s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Zuczek, Richard. State of Rebellion: Reconstruction in South Carolina. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.

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