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Border State

Before the Civil War, Kentucky was primarily an agricultural state, with extensive hemp and tobacco plantings. After the war, the hemp industry declined but the tobacco industry boomed.

   1860  1870
 Number of Farms  83,689  118,422
 Value of Farm Land  $291.5 million  $311.2 million
 Number of Factories  3,450  5,390
 Value of Manufactured Products  $37.9 million  $54.6 million

Data source: University of Virginia Geospatial and Statistical Data Center. United States Historical Census Data Browser.