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Anderson, Toni Passmore, "The Original Fisk Jubilee Singers: Introducing the Spiritual to the European World." Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, (forthcoming).

Du Bois, W.E.B. "Black Reconstruction in America." New York: Russell & Russell, 1935.

Foner, Eric. "Freedom's Lawmakers: A Directory of Black Officeholders During Reconstruction." Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ., 1993.

Foner, Eric and John A. Garraty, eds. "The Reader's Companion to American History." Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991.

Hopkinson, Deborah; illustrated by Raul Colon. "A Band of Angels: A Story Inspired by the Jubilee Singers." New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 1999.

Hornsby, Jr., Alton. "Chronology of African-American History." Detroit: Gale Research, 1991.

Ploski, Harry A. and James Williams, eds. "The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American, Fourth Edition." New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1983.

Richardson, Joe M. "A History of Fisk University, 1865-1946." University: Univ. of Alabama, 1980.

Ward, Andrew. "Dark Midnight When I Rise: The Story of the Jubilee Singers Who Introduced the World to the Music of Black America." New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000.

Web Sites

The "Jubilee Singers" Web site at Fisk University

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