American Experience: Teens and Segregation
Chicago Migration
Chicago Then
Chicago Now
Hopeless conditions under the South's segregationist "Jim Crow" laws drove many African Americans north. The exodus began in the nineteenth century and continued into the twentieth; an estimated five million black people migrated between 1940 and 1970. In the decade after 1940, Chicago's black population climbed from 277,731 to 492,265.

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