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Who's Who: North Vietnam

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Ho Chi Minh Born Nguyen Sinh Cung, and known as "Uncle Ho," Ho Chi Minh led the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945-69. Ho had embraced communism while living abroad in England and France from 1915-23; in 1919, he petitioned the powers at the Versailles peace talks for equal rights in Indochina. He later moved to Hong Kong, where he founded the Indochinese Communist Party. After adopting the name Ho Chi Minh, or "He Who Enlightens," he returned to Vietnam in 1941 and declared the nation's independence from France. Ho led a nearly continuous war against the French and, later, the Americans until his death in 1969.

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