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Who's Who: United States

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Richard M. Nixon Richard Nixon served as a U.S. senator from California, then as Dwight Eisenhower's vice president. Defeated by John Kennedy in the presidential race of 1960, he came back to win the presidency in 1968 and again in 1972. In his first term, Nixon carried out a policy of "Vietnamization," whereby many U.S. troops were withdrawn from Vietnam and replaced by members of the South Vietnamese army. Nonetheless, American troops remained on the ground and the Nixon administration continued to provide supplies and air support for the Vietnamese, and expanded the war into Laos and Cambodia. The last American forces left Vietnam during Nixon's second term. In the wake of the Watergate scandal, Nixon became the first president to resign from office. Following his resignation, he slowly secured a name for himself as an elder statesman in matters of foreign policy. He died in 1994.

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