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Deep Time/History of Life

  Adaptive radiation | Extinction | Earth's history | Major transformations | Punctuated equilibrium

In its 4.6 billion year history, Earth has undergone massive geologic and climatic changes and provided habitat to an ever-changing cast of life forms. To learn more about the origins and evolution of Earth and its inhabitants, investigate this extensive collection of resources.


Featured Multimedia Resources
Deep TimeDeep Time Explore 4 billion years of life on Earth, and discover major transformations, geological changes, and extinction episodes.

Resource Type: Web Activity

The Cambrian ExplosionThe Cambrian Explosion Watch an animation of creatures of the Cambrian explosion created for Evolution: "Great Transformations."

Resource Type: Video
Length: 24 sec

Genetic Tool KitGenetic Tool Kit The shared set of genes for body segments, possessed by all animals, are discussed in this video segment from Evolution: "Great Transformations."

Resource Type: Video
Length: 4 min, 47 sec


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Resource

Type

Format

Topics Covered


The Rise of Mammals

The Rise of Mammals
This diagram shows the enormous increase in the variety of mammals since the Cretaceous period.

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


Mike Novacek: Fossils in the Gobi

Mike Novacek: Fossils in the Gobi
Biologist Mike Novacek discusses his discovery of mammal fossils in the Gobi Desert and what we can learn from them.

Interview

Text

Deep Time/History of Life


Biology and Evolutionary Theory

Biology and Evolutionary Theory
This collection of articles and essays offers scientific responses to the many questions and rebuttals that have appeared in Talk.Origins, a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. Hosted by Talk.Origins.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Evolution/Paleontology

Evolution/Paleontology
Choose from a categorized collection of links concerning evolution. The page is hosted by a knowledgeable "guide," who screens content available on the Web for relevance and quality. Hosted by About.com.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Tree of Life

The Tree of Life
This is University of Arizona professor David Maddison's online version of the "tree of life." With more than 2,000 Web pages contributed by research biologists worldwide, this site contains information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their histories, and their relationships to one another.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Evolution! Facts and Fallacies

Evolution! Facts and Fallacies
This volume contains proceedings of the "Evolution! Facts and Fallacies" symposium held at UCLA in 1997. With contributions from Schopf, Stephen Jay Gould, Charles Marshall, and others, the book addresses misconceptions of evolution and of science in general. Edited by J. William Schopf [San Diego: Academic Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Exploring Evolutionary Biology: Readings from <i>American Scientist</i>

Exploring Evolutionary Biology: Readings from American Scientist
This collection of articles written for a wide audience includes several pieces on what scientists have interpreted from the fossil record, such as when life invaded land and how it evolved once there. Edited by Montgomery Slatkin [Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1995].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


History of Life, 3rd ed.

History of Life, 3rd ed.
Originally written for the History of Life class the author teaches at University of California, Davis, this illustrated book is an introduction to paleontology and to scientific thought in general. By Richard Cowen [Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, 2000].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


In Search of Deep Time: Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life

In Search of Deep Time: Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life
This book, written by the chief science writer for Nature magazine, offers offers a good introduction for readers interested in the system of classification known as cladistics. By Henry Gee [New York: The Free Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Patterns in Evolution: The New Molecular View

Patterns in Evolution: The New Molecular View
In this book, Lewin, a science journalist, explains how recently developed molecular techniques have provided a new line of evidence for evolutionary studies. By Roger Lewin [New York: Scientific American Library, 1997].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Shapes of Time: The Evolution of Growth and Development

Shapes of Time: The Evolution of Growth and Development
In this book, the author details how changes in the sizes, shapes, and behaviors of certain species occur. By Kenneth J. McNamara [Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Book of Life

The Book of Life
This book, which chronologically surveys evolution, includes submissions from renowned experts Jack Sepkoski, Michael Benton, and others. Dynamic illustrations and graphs complement the strong writing. The book will appeal to students and general readers wanting an in-depth review of the history of life. Edited by Stephen Jay Gould [New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Fossils of the Burgess Shale

The Fossils of the Burgess Shale
This book provides a complete picture of the renowned Burgess Shale fossil find. The authors offer detailed accounts of the fieldwork done at the site and numerous photographs and illustrations of the fossils themselves. By Derek Briggs, Douglas Erwin, and Frederick Collier [Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Origins of Life: From the Birth of Life to the Origin of Language

The Origins of Life: From the Birth of Life to the Origin of Language
In this book, two scientists update their classic work, The Major Transitions in Evolution, for a wider audience. They focus primarily on the increasingly intricate mechanisms by which life's information has been passed from generation to generation -- from life's tiny origins to the formation of cooperative societies and the birth of language. By John Maynard and Eörs Szathmáry [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution

Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
With more than 1,700 detailed black-and-white illustrations, this advanced text provides a comprehensive look at all fossil groups and a discussion of evolutionary processes and functional anatomy. By Robert L. Carroll [New York: W.H. Freeman, 1988].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life

Link:  To Top of Page

Resource

Type

Format

Topics Covered


Permian-Triassic Extinction

Permian-Triassic Extinction
In this program segment from Evolution: "Extinction!", geologist Peter Ward discusses evidence for a Permian-Triassic mass extinction.

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Patterns of Extinction

Patterns of Extinction
This graph contrasts the normal, or "background," rate at which species go extinct with the five mass extinction events, when a huge percentage of Earth's species went extinct in a very short span of geological time.

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


Recovery from Extinctions

Recovery from Extinctions
These graphs show the pattern of changes in marine biodiversity over the past 500 million years as seen in the fossil record.

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


The Current Mass Extinction

The Current Mass Extinction
These photographs show the environmental devastation triggered by the construction of the Transamazonian highway. The accompanying graph charts the rapid acceleration in population growth.

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


Extinction

Extinction
Choose from a categorized collection of links concerning extinction. The page is hosted by a knowledgeable "guide," who screens content available on the Web for relevance and quality. Hosted by About.com.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Extinction Files

The Extinction Files
This feature from the BBC's educational Web site on evolution includes overviews of the major mass extinctions and proposed causes, images and descriptions of extinct life, and answers to several "big questions" concerning extinction.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum

The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum
This online museum features exhibits on fossil finds, mass extinctions, invertebrates, flight, and more. Developed by the Carleton University (Canada) Earth Sciences faculty.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Evolution! Facts and Fallacies

Evolution! Facts and Fallacies
This volume contains proceedings of the "Evolution! Facts and Fallacies" symposium held at UCLA in 1997. With contributions from Schopf, Stephen Jay Gould, Charles Marshall, and others, the book addresses misconceptions of evolution and of science in general. Edited by J. William Schopf [San Diego: Academic Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Evolutionary Catastrophes: The Science of Mass Extinction

Evolutionary Catastrophes: The Science of Mass Extinction
The author, a professor of geophysics, argues that massive volcanic eruptions can be linked to the major mass extinction events in the history of life. By Vincent Courtillot [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Extinction: Bad Genes or Bad Luck?

Extinction: Bad Genes or Bad Luck?
In this book, which should appeal to both non-specialist and serious student alike, a University of Chicago paleontologist addresses the question of whether extinct species died because they were less fit (bad genes), or because they were in the wrong place at the wrong time (bad luck). By David M. Raup [New York: W.W. Norton, & Co., 1991].

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Deep Time/History of Life


From So Simple a Beginning: The Book of Evolution

From So Simple a Beginning: The Book of Evolution
This richly illustrated reference introduces evolution's basic principles and controversies to general readers. By Philip Whitfeld [New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1993].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


History of Life, 3rd ed.

History of Life, 3rd ed.
Originally written for the History of Life class the author teaches at University of California, Davis, this illustrated book is an introduction to paleontology and to scientific thought in general. By Richard Cowen [Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, 2000].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth

Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth
In this very readable account, a paleontologist uses personal experiences and the fossil record to take readers on a journey through the history of life, from the big bang to the appearance of modern humans. By Richard Fortey [New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Rivers in Time: The Search for Clues to Earth's Mass Extinctions

Rivers in Time: The Search for Clues to Earth's Mass Extinctions
In this book, the author elaborates on his previous book, The End of Evolution, and takes readers on travels to the Philippine Sea, Canada, and southern Africa in search of the truth about mass extinctions. By Peter D. Wade [New York: Columbia University Press, 2000].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Rock of Ages, Sands of Time

Rock of Ages, Sands of Time
Art meets science in this book, which is a compilation of paintings commissioned for installation at the Museum of the Earth in Ithaca, N.Y. The 544 panels depict scenes from the fossil record, each one representing a million years in the history of life. By Barbara Page and Warren Allmon [Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


T. rex and the Crater of Doom

T. rex and the Crater of Doom
Written by a geologist who helped develop the impact scenario to explain the KT extinction, this book presents the evidence supporting this theory. A real-life detective story for the general reader. By Walter Alvarez [Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Mother of Mass Extinctions

The Mother of Mass Extinctions
In this article, a research paleobiologist at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History discusses the magnitude, consequences, and possible causes of the end-Permian extinction, the most devastating of all extinctions. By Douglas H. Erwin [Scientific American, July 1996: 72-8].

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Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Science Times Book of Fossils and Evolution

The Science Times Book of Fossils and Evolution
This volume includes selected articles that appeared in the New York Times' science section. Subjects include life's origins, global catastrophes, and the emergence of humans. Edited by Nicholas Wade [New York: The Lyons Press, 1998].

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Deep Time/History of Life


Vanishing Before Our Eyes

Vanishing Before Our Eyes
In this article, a Harvard scientist discusses the extent and probable consequences of the current mass extinction. He also argues that humans are responsible for the reduction in biodiversity, but says it's not too late for us to change our destructive ways. By E.O. Wilson [Time, Spring 2000, 28-34].

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Deep Time/History of Life


When Life Nearly Came to an End: The Permian Extinction

When Life Nearly Came to an End: The Permian Extinction
This article provides insights into the end-Permian extinction, including a review of the hypothesized causes, photographs of research sites, and artistic renderings of Permian life and death. Written by H.J. Hoffman [National Geographic, September 2000, 100-13].

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Deep Time/History of Life

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Topics Covered


Evolution on Double Time

Evolution on Double Time
This excerpt from Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea by Carl Zimmer describes how gene duplication may have been the key to the rapid evolution of the early stages of life on Earth.

Document

Text

Deep Time/History of Life


Precambrian Life

Precambrian Life
This excerpt from the book Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea by Carl Zimmer describes the chemical traces left by the earliest forms of life in Precambrian rocks almost 4 billion years old.

Document

Text

Deep Time/History of Life


Radiometric Dating

Radiometric Dating
In this video segment from A Science Odyssey: "Origins," scientists explain how Earth's age was determined by radiometric dating.

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Biology and Evolutionary Theory

Biology and Evolutionary Theory
This collection of articles and essays offers scientific responses to the many questions and rebuttals that have appeared in Talk.Origins, a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. Hosted by Talk.Origins.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


CosmicVoyage: Evolution of the Universe Timeline

CosmicVoyage: Evolution of the Universe Timeline
This site explores the birth and development of the cosmos using an illustrated timeline that begins with the big bang and covers the formation of stars and galaxies, the origins of Earth, and the evolution of life. Hosted by CosmicVoyage.org.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Earth Journeys

Earth Journeys
The Discovery Channel and the American Museum of Natural History team up to present a look at the living Earth and its 4.6-billion-year history. The site features an interactive timeline, dispatches from remote places, and an activity that allows users to make basic changes to the planet and watch the effects.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Fossil-Related Subject Lists

Fossil-Related Subject Lists
Choose from a categorized collection of links concerning the fossil record, including online galleries, professional societies, and explanatory articles. The page is maintained by a knowledgeable "guide," who screens content available on the Web for relevance and quality. Hosted by About.com.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Paleomap Project

Paleomap Project
University of Texas professor Christopher Scotese's models demonstrate how the face of the planet has changed over time due to plate tectonics. The site's 3-D globes and animations will enhance your understanding of Earth and climatic history alike.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Age of the Earth

The Age of the Earth
This collection of articles and essays offers scientific responses to the many questions and rebuttals that have appeared in Talk.Origins, a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. Hosted by Talk.Origins

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Geological Evolution of the Earth

The Geological Evolution of the Earth
View a vertical timeline showing images of Earth's geological evolution from 510 million years ago to the present. Hosted by handprint.com.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum

The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum
This online museum features exhibits on fossil finds, mass extinctions, invertebrates, flight, and more. Developed by the Carleton University (Canada) Earth Sciences faculty.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


University of California Museum of Paleontology

University of California Museum of Paleontology
The museum's mission is to investigate and promote the understanding of the history of life and its rich diversity through research and education. Its online exhibits feature the tree of life, a journey through geological history, and a review of evolutionary thought. The site also provides links to numerous other educational resources.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


A History of Geology

A History of Geology
An introductory text intended for students and general readers alike, this book looks at the early philosophical debates on Earth history as well as present-day geology's scientific foundations. By Gabriel Gohau [New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1990].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


A Short History of Planet Earth: Mountains, Mammals, Fire, and Ice

A Short History of Planet Earth: Mountains, Mammals, Fire, and Ice
In this book, a professor of earth science at the Scripps Oceanographic Institute writes an engaging introduction to geology and paleontology for the layperson. By J.D. Macdougall [New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1996].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


A Walk Through Time: From Stardust to Us

A Walk Through Time: From Stardust to Us
Adapted from the acclaimed touring exhibition "Walk Through Time ... from stardust to us," this book's text and illustrations highlight the major developments of life's evolution, which are clearly plotted along a 5-billion-year timeline. By Sidney Liebes, Elisabet Sahtouris, and Brian Swimme [New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Basin and Range

Basin and Range
In this book, the author, who coined the term "deep time" in the pages of this book, conveys what geology is all about while examining road cuts along Interstate 80 with a geologist from Princeton University. By John McPhee [New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux, 1981].

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Deep Time/History of Life


Cast in Stone

Cast in Stone
This short article on the fossil record features photographs from Niles Eldredge's book Fossils: The Evolution and Extinction of Species, including a 1-million-year-old crab and a 415-million-year-old water scorpion. By S. Fritz [Omni, October 1991, 58-63].

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Deep Time/History of Life


Cast Out of Eden

Cast Out of Eden
This article explores the controversy surrounding the Ediacarans, complex creatures that disappeared from the ocean floor 545 million years ago, with special focus on professor Mark McMenamin's idea that Ediacarans were a unique kindgom of beings, neither plant nor animal. By B. Daviss [New Scientist, 16 May 1998, 26-30].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Evolution! Facts and Fallacies

Evolution! Facts and Fallacies
This volume contains proceedings of the "Evolution! Facts and Fallacies" symposium held at UCLA in 1997. With contributions from Schopf, Stephen Jay Gould, Charles Marshall, and others, the book addresses misconceptions of evolution and of science in general. Edited by William J. Schopf [San Diego: Academic Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


History of Life, 3rd ed.

History of Life, 3rd ed.
Originally written for the History of Life class the author teaches at University of California, Davis, this illustrated book is an introduction to paleontology and to scientific thought in general. By Richard Cowen [Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, 2000].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Microcosmos: Four Billion Years of Evolution from Our Microbial Ancestors

Microcosmos: Four Billion Years of Evolution from Our Microbial Ancestors
The authors strip away the egotistical view that humans are independent from nature and propose that all creatures on the planet -- large and small, alive and dead -- are inextricably connected by a living system that is itself an organism. By Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan [Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1997].

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Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Rock of Ages, Sands of Time

Rock of Ages, Sands of Time
Art meets science in this book, which is a compilation of paintings commissioned for installation at the Museum of the Earth in Ithaca, N.Y. The 544 panels depict scenes from the fossil record, each one representing a million years in the history of life. By Barbara Page Allmon [Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Age of the Earth

The Age of the Earth
This book contains a comprehensive discussion of the evidence for the ages of Earth, the moon, meteorites, solar system, galaxy, and universe. By Brent G. Dalrymple [Palo Alto, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1991].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Age-of-the-Earth Debate

The Age-of-the-Earth Debate
In this article, the author reviews the centuries-old debate between geologists and physicists over the true age of Earth; and introduces the many scientists who have contributed to this debate over time and explains the variety of dating methods used by them. By L. Badash [Scientific American, August 1989: 90-6].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Book of Life

The Book of Life
This book, which chronologically surveys evolution, includes submissions from renowned experts Jack Sepkoski, Michael Benton, and others. Dynamic illustrations and graphs complement the strong writing. The book will appeal to students and general readers wanting an in-depth review of the history of life. Edited by Stephen Jay Gould [New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Book of Life

The Book of Life
This book, which chronologically surveys evolution, includes submissions from renowned experts Jack Sepkoski, Michael Benton, and others. Dynamic illustrations and graphs complement the strong writing. The book will appeal to students and general readers wanting an in-depth review of the history of life. Edited by Stephen Jay Gould [New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History
In this book, the author describes the discovery and analysis of the fossils of the Burgess Shale and shares his belief that the history of life is not a gradual progression toward a higher end; instead, he suggests chance and contingency play a greater role in determining extinction and survival of life on Earth. By Stephen Jay Gould [New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1981].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life

Link:  To Top of Page

Resource

Type

Format

Topics Covered


Genetic Tool Kit

Genetic Tool Kit
The shared set of genes for body segments, possessed by all animals, are discussed in this video segment from Evolution: "Great Transformations."

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


The Cambrian Explosion

The Cambrian Explosion
Watch an animation of creatures of the Cambrian explosion created for Evolution: "Great Transformations."

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Deep Time

Deep Time
Explore 4 billion years of life on Earth, and discover major transformations, geological changes, and extinction episodes.

Web Activity

Flash

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Fish with Fingers

Fish with Fingers
In this video segment from Evolution: "Great Transformations," paleontologist Jenny Clack explains that vertebrates evolved fingers before they invaded land.

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Whale Evolution

Whale Evolution
How did the whale lose its legs? Find out in this segment from Evolution: "Great Transformations."

Video

QuickTime or RealPlayer

get plug-in

Deep Time/History of Life


Bird Evolution

Bird Evolution
This graphic illustrates how the various characteristics of a modern bird's wing evolved in different organisms at different times.

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


CosmicVoyage: Evolution of the Universe Timeline

CosmicVoyage: Evolution of the Universe Timeline
This site explores the birth and development of the cosmos using an illustrated timeline that begins with the big bang and covers the formation of stars and galaxies, the origins of Earth, and the evolution of life. Hosted by CosmicVoyage.org.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


Life in Extreme Environments

Life in Extreme Environments
This page contains links to Web sites and articles on life that thrives in conditions that would kill most other organisms. Research suggests that microbes tolerant of high pressure, extreme temperature, or complete darkness, for example, might hold the answers to questions about the origin of life on Earth and the possibility of life on other planets.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


NATURE: Triumph of Life

NATURE: Triumph of Life
This site accompanies a recent six-part PBS series on survival and includes a visually dynamic interactive Evolutionary Timeline. Hosted by PBS.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum

The Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum
This online museum features exhibits on fossil finds, mass extinctions, invertebrates, flight, and more. Developed by the Carleton University (Canada) Earth Sciences faculty

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


The Tree of Life

The Tree of Life
This is University of Arizona professor David Maddison's online version of the "tree of life." With more than 2,000 Web pages contributed by research biologists worldwide, this site contains information about the diversity of organisms on Earth, their histories, and their relationships to one another.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


University of California Museum of Paleontology

University of California Museum of Paleontology
The museum's mission is to investigate and promote the understanding of the history of life and its rich diversity through research and education. Its online exhibits feature the tree of life, a journey through geological history, and a review of evolutionary thought. The site also provides links to numerous other educational resources.

External Link

HTML

Deep Time/History of Life


A Walk Through Time: From Stardust to Us

A Walk Through Time: From Stardust to Us
Adapted from the acclaimed touring exhibition ""Walk Through Time ... from stardust to us,"" this book's text and illustrations highlight the major developments of life's evolution, which are clearly plotted along a 5-billion-year timeline. By Sidney Liebes, Elisabet Sahtouris, and Brian Swimme [New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Cradle of Life: The Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils

Cradle of Life: The Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils
In this book, a UCLA professor unearths the story of the origins and earliest evolution of life. The author, who is credited with spurring the current wave of research into Precambrian history, bases much of the book on his extensive fieldwork. By J. William Schopf [Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Exploring Evolutionary Biology: Readings from <i>American Scientist</i>

Exploring Evolutionary Biology: Readings from American Scientist
This collection of articles written for a wide audience includes several pieces on what scientists have interpreted from the fossil record, such as when life invaded land and how it evolved once there. Edited by Montgomery Slatkin [Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1995].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


History of Life, 3rd ed.

History of Life, 3rd ed.
Originally written for the History of Life class the author teaches at University of California, Davis, this illustrated book is an introduction to paleontology and to scientific thought in general. By Richard Cowen [Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, 2000].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth

Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth
In this very readable account, a paleontologist uses personal experiences and the fossil record to take readers on a journey through the history of life, from the big bang to the appearance of modern humans. By Richard Fortey [New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Rock of Ages, Sands of Time

Rock of Ages, Sands of Time
Art meets science in this book, a compilation of paintings commissioned for installation at the Museum of the Earth in Ithaca, N.Y. The 544 panels depict scenes from the fossil record, each one representing a million years in the history of life. By Barbara Page and Warren Allmon [Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Shapes of Time: The Evolution of Growth and Development

Shapes of Time: The Evolution of Growth and Development
In this book, the author details how changes in the sizes, shapes, and behaviors of certain species occur. By Kenneth J. McNamara [Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Book of Life

The Book of Life
This book, which chronologically surveys evolution, includes submissions from renowned experts Jack Sepkoski, Michael Benton, and others. Dynamic illustrations and graphs complement the strong writing. The book will appeal to students and general readers wanting an in-depth review of the history of life. Edited by Stephen Jay Gould [New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2001].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Fossils of the Burgess Shale

The Fossils of the Burgess Shale
This book provides a complete picture of the renowned Burgess Shale fossil find. The authors offer detailed accounts of the fieldwork done at the site and numerous photographs and illustrations of the fossils themselves. By Derek Briggs, Douglas Erwin, and Frederick Collier [Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


The Origins of Life: From the Birth of Life to the Origin of Language

The Origins of Life: From the Birth of Life to the Origin of Language
In this book, two scientists update their classic work, The Major Transitions in Evolution, for a wider audience. They focus primarily on the increasingly intricate mechanisms by which life's information has been passed from generation to generation -- from life's tiny origins to the formation of cooperative societies and the birth of language. By John Maynard and Eörs Szathmáry [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life


Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution

Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution
With more than 1,700 detailed black-and-white illustrations, this advanced text provides a comprehensive look at all fossil groups and a discussion of evolutionary processes and functional anatomy. By Robert L. Carroll [New York: W.H. Freeman, 1988].

Other Resources

Print

Deep Time/History of Life

Link:  To Top of Page

Resource

Type

Format

Topics Covered


Punctuated Equilibrium

Punctuated Equilibrium
Punctuated equilibrium and gradualism predict different patterns of morphological change and speciation, shown in figures (a) and (b).

Image

Graphic

Deep Time/History of Life


Biology and Evolutionary Theory

Biology and Evolutionary Theory
This collection of articles and essays offers scientific responses to the many questions and rebuttals that have appeared in Talk.Origins, a Usenet newsgroup devoted to the discussion and debate of biological and physical origins. Hosted by Talk.Origins.

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Evolution/Paleontology

Evolution/Paleontology
Choose from a categorized collection of links concerning evolution. The page is hosted by a knowledgeable "guide," who screens content available on the Web for relevance and quality. Hosted by About.com.

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Evolution! Facts and Fallacies

Evolution! Facts and Fallacies
This volume contains proceedings of the "Evolution! Facts and Fallacies" symposium held at UCLA in 1997. With contributions from Schopf, Stephen Jay Gould, Charles Marshall, and others, the book addresses misconceptions of evolution and of science in general. Edited by J. William Schopf [San Diego: Academic Press, 1999].

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From So Simple a Beginning: The Book of Evolution

From So Simple a Beginning: The Book of Evolution
This richly illustrated reference introduces evolution's basic principles and controversies to general readers. By Philip New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1993].

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History of Life, 3rd ed.

History of Life, 3rd ed.
Originally written for the History of Life class the author teaches at University of California, Davis, this illustrated book is an introduction to paleontology and to scientific thought in general. By Richard Cowen [Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science, 2000].

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Master Control Genes in Development and Evolution: The Homeobox Story

Master Control Genes in Development and Evolution: The Homeobox Story
In this book, a developmental biologist who contributed to the discovery of the homeobox discusses past and present research into how genes control development in all higher organisms. By J. Walter Gehring [New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998].

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Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species

Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species
In this book, an anthropologist argues that the primary engine driving evolution is not slow, gradual change across generations (natural selection). Rather, he suggests the sudden appearance of new species in the fossil record can be explained by "silent" mutations that, when expressed, radically alter development. By Jeffery H. Schwartz [New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999].

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