Zone 1: Cultivated Areas
Altitude: roughly 2,600 to 6,000 feet
Kilimanjaro's rich volcanic soils, irrigated by water percolating through
underground channels from the rain forest higher up, have attracted Chagga
people to settle on the mountain's lower slopes. Today, crop- and grasslands
have replaced the natural bush and lowland forest, and large wild animals are
few. Small, noctural mammals thrive, however, including the lemur-like galagos
and the tree hyrax, a furry creature with a distinct click-and-screech cry.
Birds also are plentiful. Speckled mousebirds with their long, tapering tails,
and the tropical boubou, a black-and-white bird with a pleasant flute-like
call, are two standouts.