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Tour Kilimanjaro


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Summit Alpine Desert Moorland Heath Rain Forest Cultivated Areas

Introduction

Lower slopes

Chagga farmers and herders have made substantial inroads into Kilimanjaro's lowest elevations, as this satellite image shows.

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Zone 1: Cultivated Areas
Altitude: roughly 2,600 to 6,000 feet

Kilimanjaro's rich volcanic soils, irrigated by water percolating through underground channels from the rain forest higher up, have attracted Chagga people to settle on the mountain's lower slopes. Today, crop- and grasslands have replaced the natural bush and lowland forest, and large wild animals are few. Small, noctural mammals thrive, however, including the lemur-like galagos and the tree hyrax, a furry creature with a distinct click-and-screech cry. Birds also are plentiful. Speckled mousebirds with their long, tapering tails, and the tropical boubou, a black-and-white bird with a pleasant flute-like call, are two standouts.

   

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