Zone 4: Moorland
Altitude: roughly 11,000 to 13,200 feet
Epitomizing the moorland, senecios and lobelias are also the iconic plants of
Kilimanjaro. The senecios, also known as groundsels, have thick, weathered
stems capped by cabbage-like rosettes of tough leaves. Two giant groundsels
common here, Senecio kilimanjari and S. cottonii, are found
nowhere else in the world. Like the senecios, the endemic lobelia, Lobelia
deckenii, closes its rosette of leaves at night to protect against frost.
Large birds of prey like the crowned eagle and the lammergeyer are often seen
overhead, while the lucky few might catch a glimpse of elands, duikers, African
hunting dogs, or even elephants.