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Tour Kilimanjaro


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Summit Alpine Desert Moorland Heath Rain Forest Cultivated Areas

Introduction

Moorland

Giant senecios tower over the surrounding rocky moor, their thick stems serving as reservoirs for precious water.

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Zone 4: Moorland
Altitude: roughly 11,000 to 13,200 feet

Epitomizing the moorland, senecios and lobelias are also the iconic plants of Kilimanjaro. The senecios, also known as groundsels, have thick, weathered stems capped by cabbage-like rosettes of tough leaves. Two giant groundsels common here, Senecio kilimanjari and S. cottonii, are found nowhere else in the world. Like the senecios, the endemic lobelia, Lobelia deckenii, closes its rosette of leaves at night to protect against frost. Large birds of prey like the crowned eagle and the lammergeyer are often seen overhead, while the lucky few might catch a glimpse of elands, duikers, African hunting dogs, or even elephants.

   

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