- UNITED STATES
President George Bush was the top decision maker for the United States and took on leadership of the world coalition.
- General Colin Powell, as Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, served as the liaison between the president and the military.
- General Normal Schwarzkopf was the chief architect and commander of all military operations in the Gulf.
- James Baker, as Secretary of State, led all of the diplomatic efforts.
- Richard Cheney, as Secretary of Defense, was responsible for defense planning.
- Brent Scowcroft was a critical advisor to President Bush in his capacity as National Security Advisor.
- UNITED KINGDOM
- Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was the top decision maker for England until November 1990 when John Major became prime minister.
- President Francois Mitterand served as the top decision maker for France.
- Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir was the top decision maker for Israel.
- Defense Minister Moshe Arens was reponsible for his coutnry's defense efforts.
- President Hosni Mubarak made decisions for Egypt's participation in the war and took an active role in diplomatic efforts to prevent the conflict.
- Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmed al-Sabah, emir of Kuwait, was forced to flee his home at the onset of the invasion of his county.
- SAUDI ARABIA
- King Fahd led Saudi Arabia and requested Coalition troops to be based in his country.
- SOVIET UNION
- President Mikhail Gorbachev was the top decision maker for the Soviet Union.
- Yevgeni Primakov was active in diplomatic efforts to end the conflict.
President Saddam Hussein was architect of the plan to invade Kuwait.
Foreign Minister Tariq Azia acted as chief spokesperson in the international community.
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