About the Author
Tools and Materials
Methods of Presentation
Extensions and Adaptations
Subject: Social Studies
Indonesia is home to an incredible abundance
of wildlife that, over centuries, has adapted uniquely to its environment.
The Indo-Malaysian region includes Java, Kalimantan and Sumatra. Many
of the species found in Indonesia can be linked to China and Australia.
Here is a list of a select few of such animals: orangutans live in the
forests of Sumatra and Kalimantan; wild oxen, also known as banteng,
are native to Kalimantan and the Ujung Kulon National Park in western
Java; proboscis monkeys (bekanten) can be found only in Kalimantan;
and elephants, tapir and siamangs (black gibbons) all inhabit Sumatra.
By watching Wild Indonesia you will see some of the unique animals native
to this island paradise.
In this lesson students will have the
opportunity to create a virtual zoo from the animals of Indonesia. Students
will discover how some of these animals have adapted to their environment
in an extremely unique manner. Each student will be responsible for
researching an animal(s), locating where it exists on a map of Indonesia,
and report this back to the class. This is a collaborative project in
which students will use the Wild Indonesia tapes, the Internet, and
National Standards from the McRel Standards
Database at http://www.mcrel.org/standards-benchmarks/
- Gathers and uses information for research
- Demonstrates competence in speaking
and listening as tools for learning
- Understands the physical and human
characteristics of place
- Understands how human actions modify
the physical environment
- Understands the basic concepts of
the evolution of species
- Knows about the diversity and unity
that characterize life
- A copy of the program Wild Indonesia,
a television, and a VCR
- Computers with Internet access
- Any computer program that allows you
to insert pictures and text. For example, Microsoft PowerPoint, HyperStudio,
any HTML Editor, or word processing programs.
- Franklin Science Institute Animal
Hotlist at http://sln.fi.edu/tfi/hotlists/animals.html
- Set of encyclopedias
- (Optional) Microsoft Virtual Globe
- (Optional) Microsoft Encarta CD-ROM
It is recommended that 4-5 hours of class
time be scheduled to complete the entire lesson.
- First, ask students to share their
experiences of going to a zoo. Ask them what their favorite animals
are and where these animals are found in the world. Can they tell
you why these animals are only found in certain places? Do they know
what it means for an animal to be endangered? Did they see a particular
endangered animal? What is exciting about visiting a zoo? Are there
ways to bring animals to lands they don't naturally exist in?
- Show the following clips from Wild
Indonesia featuring animals in Indonesia, some if which are only found
in Indonesia. Ask students to take notes about as many animals in
the program as possible.
- Where Worlds Collide 5:00 to 20:00
- Animals of Sumatra
- Where Worlds Collide 38:00 to
42:00 - Coast of Bali sea life
- Where Worlds Collide 44:00 to
52:00 - Animals of New Guinea
- Mystery of Sulawesi 00:00 to 10:00
- Animals of Sulawesi
- Tell students that many of the animals
in the video are unique to Indonesia. Because these animals live so
far away, students are going to help bring these animals closer to
their community by creating a "virtual" Indonesian zoo. Depending
on the size of your class and resources, decide how many animals each
student will be assigned and how many the zoo will.
- Have students make a list of all the
animals they saw. Then, have them group the animals into different
species, for example birds, fish, mammals, amphibians, etc. They can
even create an endangered species area. The different species will
denote the different sections of the zoo. Once the lists are complete,
have students choose which animal(s) they'd like to be responsible
- Give students Activity
Sheet 1 and read through the criteria with them. When working
on the different sections of the zoo, have students work in groups.
- Now that students are familiar with
the information they need to find, use the Internet and/or a CD-ROM
encyclopedia to do their research about the animals found in Indonesia.
Students might begin with one of the recommended links within the
Wild Indonesia or Living
Edens: Borneo sites. Students should also look for a map of Indonesia,
pictures and sounds that they can save to their computers (or a disk)
to be used in their virtual zoo.
- Once the students have their research
complete they can use the computer to create a display
for their animal. Include a "quick fact" box that gives the more general
information about the animal along with a summary. At this time they
should also include a picture of their animal and a map of the location
in Indonesia the animal is found. If sounds of the animal are available,
have them insert the sound at this point.
Have your students use a word processing program to insert pictures
and text of your virtual zoo. You can print out each animal and put
together a virtual zoo book.
If your class or lab has PowerPoint, HyperStudio, or an HTML editor,
have students create their virtual zoo using these programs. Publish
your virtual zoo on the Internet or an Intranet.
Have students create a class zoo magazine/brochure that includes each
animal with a quick fact box, summary, and picture. They can give a
group presentation or display the brochure in the classroom or school.
Students can be assessed in various ways.
Assess your students on how complete their research and presentation
of their animal(s) is. Students should find all the facts for Activity
Sheet 1. Appropriate and responsible use of the Internet is another
area of assessment. After individual assessment, students should be
graded on how well they worked as a member of the entire project.
- Have students identify as many endangered
species as they can think of , then have them find out what they can
do to help these species.
- Have students debate whether man's
need for natural resources is more important than keeping a species
off the endangered species list. They can take a class vote and then
make a list of pros and cons for each side.
- Have students research possible careers
in the zoo industry and make a book of these careers to go along with
the brochure or as a Web site to go along with the zoo site.
Chris Hungerford is a technology teacher
at EXCEL Alternative High School in Marshalltown, Iowa. Chris was named
the Midwest Regional Teacher of the Year by Technology and Learning
Magazine for 1998. Chris created a class called Virtual City that uses
SimCity 2000 to help his students learn all about cities. Students in
the class have real mayors in the United States as e-mail partners.
In his spare time, Chris enjoys serving as a reserve deputy for his
local sheriff's office.