The Buffalo War

presented by ITVS


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Web sites | Books | Articles | Youth | Source Materials

Web sites
Yellowstone National Park's bison page
This area of Yellowstone's site provides good information (through an informative FAQ) and a brief history of the wild bison herd in the park. Studies conducted on brucellosis at Yellowstone are also listed.

Montana Department of Livestock (DOL)
The Montana DOL is the lead agency that manages the bison/brucellosis disease issue for Montana. The site features the Interagency Bison Management Plan, information on brucellosis and the history of its eradication in Montana.

The Buffalo Field Campaign
A grassroots volunteer group, the Buffalo Field Campaign's mission is to protect the last wild free-roaming herd of buffalo in the country. The site includes updates from the field, suggestions on how individuals can help and an online version of the BFC newsletter.

Intertribal Bison Cooperative
Nineteen tribes formed the Intertribal Bison Cooperative "to restore bison to Indian Nations in a manner that is compatible with their spiritual and cultural beliefs and practices." Their site explains the organization's history and Native American ties to bison and features membership information and a map of member tribes, a photo gallery and a calendar of events.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
APHIS's brucellosis page includes an FAQ on the disease, a map indicating progress made in eradicating brucellosis that is updated monthly and information on the disease in Yellowstone bison and elk.

The Greater Yellowstone Interagency Brucellosis Committee (GYIBC)
GYIBC aims to facilitate the development and implementation of brucellosis management plans for elk and bison in the Greater Yellowstone Area. The site features current research on brucellosis, a history of the GYIBC, their position papers and videos.

Greater Yellowstone Coalition bison management page
This page, presented by an activist group that works on conservation issues in Yellowstone, has information about the bison slaughter in Montana and links to more about the controversial issue.

Montana State University/Bozeman Center for Bison and Wildlife Health
The Web site for this regional center for information exchange and research on all aspects of the biology and management of the American bison includes comprehensive bibliographies with abstracts of over 200 articles, pictures of buffalo in Big Sky country and a list of bison-related books.

Canadian Wildlife Service North American bison page
Providing a map of bison distribution and population and detailed information on the North American bison's life cycle, habitat, predators and relations with people, this informative page gives a concise summary of the buffalo that live on the North American continent.

National Cattlemen's Beef Association's bison and brucellosis page
The National Cattlemen's Beef Association's response to the threat of brucellosis in cattle; "preserving a national heritage, and eradicating a disease."

The Native American Fish and Wildlife Society
This national tribal organization has developed a communications network for the exchange of information and management techniques related to self-determined tribal fish and wildlife management. The site features a list of member tribes, their publications and job and internship opportunities.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Native American Liaison
The Office of Native American Liaison identifies works with members of tribes to identify areas where both Federal and tribal conservation efforts can most effectively conserve fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats. The site has reports and fast facts detailing how they've helped enhance and restore endangered species.

HOMELAND: Lakota Ways
A primer on Lakota culture, history, spirituality and myth from the ITVS film HOMELAND's comprehensive Web site. Includes the "Legend of the White Buffalo Calf Woman."

"American Buffalo: Spirit of a Nation"
Overview of the history of the buffalo in the United States and the work taking place today to rebuild the once-great bison herds.

White Buffalo Stories
Information about the Lakota Sioux White Buffalo Woman myth provided by Native Americans from the home-spun Harrodsburg, Mercer County site.


Bison, Monarch of the Plains Photography by David Fitzgerald, text by Linda Hasselstom (Portland, OR: Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company, 1998).

Atlas of the New West: Portrait of a Changing Region by William E. Reibsame (Boulder, CO: Center of the American West: University of Colorado, 1997).

Who Owns the West? by William Kittredge (San Francisco, CA: Mercury House, 1996).

A Chorus of Buffalo: Reflections on Wildlife Politics and an American Icon by Ruth Rudner (Short Hills, NJ: Burford Books, 2000).

Greater Yellowstone Coalition Field Guide to North American Bison: A
natural history and viewing guide to the Great Plains buffalo
by Robert Steelquist (Seattle, WA: Sasquatch Books, 1998).

The Destruction of the Bison : An Environmental History, 1750-1920 by Andrew C. Isenberg (Boston, MA: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area by Norman F. Cheville and Dale R. McCullough, Principal Investigators; Lee R. Paulson, Project Director (Washington, D.C.: National Research Council, 1998).


"Sacred Buffalo, Holy Cow: The Struggle for the Western Range," by Dan Brister

"An Old Rite Is Invoked to Protect Park's Bison," by Jim Robbins, New York Times, March 2, 1999.

Resources for teachers and younger readers

Thunder on the Plains: The Story of the American Buffalo by Ken Robbins (New York, NY: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2001).

Back From the Edge: The American Bison by Lynn M. Stone (Vero Beach, FL: The Rourke Corporation, Inc., 1991).

American Bison by Ruth Berman; photographs by Cheryl Walsh Bellville (Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 1992).

Bison's Roundup: Teacher's Guide from Newton's Apple

Source Materials for "In Their Shoes"

Greater Yellowstone Coalition

State of Montana Bison Management Plan

Buffalo Field Campaign: Updates from the Field

Brucellosis Committee Information Action Plan
Greater Yellowstone Interagency Brucellosis Committee, Jackson, Wyoming, adopted May 2, 1997

"Bison in Greater Yellowstone: Symbol and Scourge?" by Sue Consolo-Murphy, Natural Resource Year in Review, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, May 1997

"Sacred Buffalo, Holy Cow: The Struggle for the Western Range" by Dan Brister, Buffalo Field Campaign, December 1999

"The Buffalo Commons as Regional Metaphor and Geographic Method" by Drs. Deborah E. Popper and Frank J. Popper, 1998

Photo credits:

Buffalo skulls, mid-1870s: Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library © 1999

Winter bison photos and park sign: Yellowstone National Park's "Windows into Wonderland Electronic Field Trips"

Lakota march, Mike Mease and Munns family photos: Scotty Guinn

Rosalie Little Thunder: Matthew Testa

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