. Antimiscegenation article Loving v. Virginia article (external) Luce Cellar Act article Bhagat Singh Thind Immigration Act of 1917 Asian Exclusion Acts The Cable Act California Alien Land Act (external) The Mexican Revolution (external)
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Marriage register
A church register of marriages

Beginning in 1901, California prohibited white people from marrying non-whites. Rosario Perez was considered white, but not Purn Saikhon. So they drove 70 miles to Arizona, where the law still allowed marriage between people of different skin colors. At the El Centro courthouse, clerks sympathetic to the couples, began to improvise. Some Punjabi-Mexican couples were designated "white," some "colored," some "Indian." Whatever it took to get a judge to sign.

Subsequently other Mexican women and Punjabi Indians were forced to find court clerks and other states that were sympathetic to their cause.

1922 The Cable Act (42 Stat. 1021) specified "that any woman citizen who marries an alien ineligible to citizenship shall cease to be a citizen of the U.S."

Courthouse in El Centro
Courthouse in El Centro
Marriage license
Marriage license

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