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Lost Tribes of Israel

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Y Chromosomes Traveling South: The Cohen Modal Haplotype and the Origins of the Lemba, the "Black Jews of Southern Africa"
This article, newly published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, details the results of the Y-chromosome analysis of the Lemba conducted by geneticist Mark Thomas and colleagues, including Tudor Parfitt. Note: Only the abstract is available at this link.

The Center for Genetic Anthropology
See how researchers use the analysis of ancient and modern DNA to map the migration and evolution of populations in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Men Haven't Changed in 270,000 years
Learn how the Y chromosome corroborates theories on the descent of humans from one common ancestor, and why scientists now assert that we diverged from this much more recently than they once believed.

Jefferson-Hemings DNA Testing: An On-Line Resource
See the Monticello research committee's report on the DNA tests to determine whether Thomas Jefferson fathered a child with his slave, Sally Hemings. Includes a biography of Hemings and links to news features on the controversy.

Riddle of Great Zimbabwe
Try to unravel the many mysteries of Great Zimbabwe, from its unusually grand scale to its long forgotten political and ideological significance.

Great Zimbabwe
See an aerial view of the ancient city and read detailed descriptions of the structures within its walls.

Beth Hatefutsoth
The Web site of Beth Hatefutsoth brings the mission of this unique museum to the Internet: to convey the story of the Jewish people from the time of their expulsion from the Land of Israel 2,500 years ago to the present. Enjoy its rich online exhibits, join its forum, and read up on news, events, and related sites.

Journey to the Vanished City: The Search for a Lost Tribe of Israel By Tudor Parfitt. New York: Vintage Books, 2000.
Scholarship has never gone down easier than in this riveting chronicle of Parfitt's remarkable journey on behalf of the Lemba, the southern African tribe with tantalizing claims to an ancient Jewish heritage.

Letters from Beyond the Sambatyon: The Myth of the Ten Lost Tribes Edited by Simcha Shtull-Trauring. New York: MAXIMA New Media Ltd., 1997.
A fascinating collection of letters and travel writings from the first through the 17th centuries that concern the search for the River Sambatyon, beyond which lived the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel. Includes a CD-ROM ethnographic presentation that was based on a 1991 exhibition at the Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, Tel Aviv and from which we excerpted Where are the Ten Lost Tribes?. For more information on the book/CD-ROM, see

Great Zimbabwe By Peter S. Garlake. New York: Stein and Day, 1973.
Garlake was Rhodesia's Inspector of Monuments from 1964 to 1970. It is both the definitive archeological text on sub-Saharan Africa's greatest prehistoric monument and a delightful read that is full of intriguing historical material and numerous photographs of Great Zimbabwe and its artifacts.

Special Thanks
Neil Bradman
Whitney Espich, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation/Monticello
Ruti Porter, Beth Hatefutsoth
Dr. Mechthild Prinz
Carla Raimer
Simcha Shtull, MAXIMA New Media
Mark Thomas

Lauren Aguirre, Senior Producer
Molly Frey, Technologist
Brenden Kootsey, Technologist
Marti Louw, Associate Producer
Rob Meyer, Production Assistant
Nicole Sanderson, Intern
Peter Tyson, Producer
Anya Vinokour, Senior Designer

Where are the Ten Lost Tribes? | Tudor Parfitt's Remarkable Journey
Mystery of Great Zimbabwe | Build a Family Tree | Resources
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