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The dog was first domesticated in the early 1500s.

That's right. False. To date, the first domesticated dog was found at a German site dated 14,000 B.C. Dogs were thought to work cooperatively with humans to locate and announce the position of prey wounded by hunters' primitive arrows. A recent study in the journal Science, however—which looked at mitochondrial DNA from dogs, wolves, coyotes, and jackals—concluded that wolves and dogs may have genetically diverged much earlier, as long as 135,000 years ago.

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