• The Historical Setting

    Selections from a recent book on the Nazi occupation of Poland and Polish Jews. These excerpts deal with Germany's brutal treatment of Poland, Polish antisemitism, and the Nazis' vast genocidal operation --centered largely in Poland-- to exterminate Europe's six million Jews.

  • A Controversial Article

    "Clear Choices, Dark Reasons," a 1995 article published by a leading Polish Catholic weekly, sparked an intense debate about Polish antisemitism. Read here a summary of the article together with one of the strongest responses to it, written by Polish writer Henryk Grynberg.

  • A Timeline of Polish Jewish history --from the 12th century to the end of World War II and Russia's annexation of Poland.