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affirmative action: efforts to improve the opportunities of minority groups and women
cultural identity: belonging to a particular ethnic or cultural group
elite: a small group that is considered socially superior
level the playing field: increase fairness by giving everyone the same opportunities
miscegenation: racially mixed marriages or relationships
mixed heritage: multiracial ancestry
quota: a limited part or proportional share that has been assigned to a group
self identify: how a person defines himself or herself in social or cultural terms
Books and Articles
Jeter, Jon. Affirmative Action Debate Forces Brazil to Take Look in the Mirror. Washington Post, June 16, 2003.
Telles, Edward Eric. Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Sheriff, Robin E. Dreaming Equality: Color, Race, and Racism in Urban Brazil. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.
Daniel, G. Reginald. Race and Multiraciality in Brazil and the United State: Converging Paths? Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007.
Noble, Melissa. Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.