Audience With the King
returned elated to Panama and, there, the partners formulated
their plan of conquest. He then took a ship to Spain, seeking
backers and royal approval. In mid-1529, he was well received
at court by Charles V and showed the king Peruvian pottery,
metal vessels, fine clothing, embroideries, and small worked
pieces of gold, winning "the applause of all the city of Toledo."
and his advisers were convinced of the need to sign a deal with
such experienced conquistadors as Pizarro and Almagro. At Toledo,
on 26 July 1529, the queen granted Pizarro a license "to discover
and conquer Peru," which is described as "a rich and fertile
land, inhabited by people more reasonable than any other which
has so far been discovered." The terms of the grant gave Pizarro
the governorship of Peru, with the rights to explore and exploit
the land on behalf of the Crown; and, in addition, a salary,
to keep troops and to pay "a mayor, a doctor and an apothecary."
Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno
(Letter to a King)
Pizarro, in his ambition to become the sole ruler of all of Peru, later had a falling out with his partner Almagro. The two became involved in their own civil war and Almagro was killed by Pizarro's brothers. In 1541, Diego de Almagro's supporters avenged his death by killing Pizarro.
Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro
Credit: Wamán Poma, Insititute
of Ethnology, Paris, 1936