Government of Belize
The official Web site of the Belize government includes
information about the prime minister's latest activities,
lyrics to the country's national anthem and prayer, and
links to other government agencies.
News Country Profile
The BBC country profile of Belize provides an overview
of the country that includes its history, information
on its current-day leaders, a timeline from the 16th century
through March 2003, and links to media in Belize.
National Population and Housing Census
The Belize Central Statistical Office Web site provides
statistics on the country's population and information
from its 2000 census.
A Literary Perspective"
This lecture by Belizean author Zee Edgell, presented
by the Inter-American Development Bank's Cultural Center,
details Belize's history. (PDF format)
The official Web site of Belize's tourism industry includes
information on the national tourism policy and on Belize's
"eco-ethic" toward environmental and sociocultural sustainability
and equitable distribution of the economic benefits of
Toledo Ecotourism Association
The association, owned and operated by Mopan, Kek'chi
and Garifuna villages, is dedicated to minimizing the
negative impacts of tourism, Belize's number one industry.
back to top
Garifuna in Central America
a Future From a Tangled Past"
Photographer and author Susie Post Rust explores the Garifuna
people and their West African roots in this 2001 National
Geographic piece. Features include an online gallery,
author field notes, a Garifuna history map and music samples.
of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
In 2001, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and
Cultural Organization proclaimed the Garifuna culture
-- specifically Garifuna language, dance and music --
to be "a masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage
of humanity." The U.N. proclamation, which identifies
"remarkable forms of expression," is only one of 19 issued.
This 46-minute documentary explores the Garifuna culture.
Filmmakers Andrea E. Leland and Kathy L. Berger collaborated
with the National Garifuna Council in Belize to make the
documentary. Their collaboration has been used as a model
for outsiders and insiders working together to document
This article by Washington Post writer Teresa Wiltz
explores the Garifuna in Guatemala, where 4,000 to 6,000
Garifuna are living. Wiltz reports from the town of Livingston,
a Garifuna fishing village, where residents are increasingly
dependent upon tourism. (The Washington Post, December
2002) (Registration required)
Josh Jackson reports for Perspectives in Health Magazine
on the high rate of HIV/AIDS in the Garifuna fishing villages
of Honduras. The AIDS rate among Honduran Garifuna is
15 times Honduras' national rate, and the HIV rate, four
times higher than the national rate. (Perspectives
in Health Magazine 7, no. 1, 2002)
back to top
The Garifuna Diaspora
Garifuna Migration Teacher's Guide
This teacher's guide, developed by Stanford University's
school of education, offers lessons and activities for
learning about the historical migration of the Garifuna
and their migratory patterns around the globe.
a New Life -- Losing a Culture? Garifuna Immigrants Try
to Combat Media, Consumerism"
Los Angeles Times reporter Anne-Marie O'connor
reports on the more than 100,000 Garifuna who have migrated
to U.S. cities, including Los Angeles, New York and Chicago.
(Syndicated in The Seattle Times, May 17, 1998)
Quest to Count the Descendants of Islanders and Castaway
This New York Times "Neighborhood Report" on the
Bronx by Seth Kugel details educator Maria Elena Maximo's
efforts to count Garifuna immigrants in New York City
-- estimates range from 18,000 to 150,000 -- through her
nonprofit organization Jamalali Uagucha, which translated
is "the voice of our ancestors." (The New York Times,
Aug. 5, 2001) (Registration required.)
Garinagu in New York
Columbia University journalism student Angelica Medaglia
reports on the South Bronx and East Brooklyn Garifuna
communities dating back to the 1940s. Her article is one
of 16 in "Race and Ethnicity in the New Urban America,"
a student-produced anthology (2001).
Garinet is an information exchange for Garifuna communities.
The Web site maintains message boards, an events calendar,
news and other updates.
back to top
Punta Rock is one of Belize's most famous musical and
dance forms today, combining traditional instruments and
ancestral Garifuna rhythms with modern instruments, like
the electric guitar. Other forms of Garifuna music and
dance include hunguhungu and chumba. Hunguhungu, a circular
dance in a three-beat rhythm, is often combined with Punta.
BelizeanArtist.com promotes and supports Belizean talent,
including Punta Rock musicians. Its Web site includes
artist interviews, news and press releases, and music
The musical label of many Punta Rock artists has included
online its catalog, artist information, and industry news.
for Black Music Research
A research unit of Columbia College Chicago, the CBMR
is devoted to the research, preservation and dissemination
of information about the history of black music on a global
scale. Abstracts for papers and archival materials on
traditional Garifuna music and Punta Rock are archived
on the Web site.
New York's concert series showcasing live music from Africa
and descendants of Africa hosts an online photo gallery
of some of the artists participating in the series, including
Garifuna musicians and dancers.
The public radio program The World features Garifuna
musical celebrity Andy Palacio, also the subject of the
FRONTLINE/World segment "The Exile's Song." The
Web site includes streaming music by Palacio.
This site features news about recent albums by Punta bands
and video and audio clips of performances.
This Web portal, dedicated to Afro-Latino culture, gives
a brief history of Punta Rock music, the contemporary,
electronic offshoot of the ancestral rhythm and dance
of the Garifuna people of Central America. It also includes
a brief profile of painter and musician Pen Cayetano,
regarded by many as "the King" of Punta Rock music.
Work Captures His Culture"
Chicago Tribune reporter Aaron Cohen features Punta
Rock musician Rhodel "Rhodee" Castillo, who performed
in the 2003 Garifuna Settlement Day celebration in Chicago,
where 3,000 to 5,000 Garifuna are estimated to live. Cohen
argues that Castillo's recently released album, In
Exile, serves as a narrative of the Garifuna. (The
Chicago Tribune, Nov. 16, 2003) (Registration required)
International Garifuna Band
This Bronx-based band, specializing in a quieter style
of Punta Rock, is featured on the Web site of the John
F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. A video clip
from the band's June 2001 performance at the center is
streamed on the site.
Punta Music Readily Available at Record Shops
This article by Wendy Griffin traces the roots of Punta
music and banguity (new life), a traditional Honduran
dance. Griffin reports on the dance ritual at wakes and
the story behind the name "punta." (Honduras This Week,
Oct. 26, 1998)
back to top
Belize's largest television station, which broadcasts
from Belize City, provides a daily online transcript of
its evening television newscast.
San Pedro Sun
This weekly community newspaper is published on the Belize
island of Ambergris Caye.
This is the online edition of the weekly independent newspaper
The Web site of this commercial radio network in Belize,
first transmitted in 1992, provides daily news and music
headlines. It also has an archive of headlines.
This weekly newspaper is published by the People's United
Party, one of Belize's two major political parties.
back to top