Capital: New Delhi
Government: Democratic, parliamentary
Land area: 3.29 million square kilometers, about one-third the
size of the United States
Gross domestic product: Ranked 12th-largest in the world
GDP per capita: $2,500
Gross national income per capita: $450
Life expectancy: Males: 62 years; females: 64 years
Literacy rate: Males: 65.5%; females: 37.7%
Language: 18 principal languages; Hindi spoken by more than
one-third of the people; dominant business language is English
Religion: 81% Hindu, 12% Muslim, 2.3% Christian, 2% Sikh, 1.2%
Buddhist and Jainist
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and
The Republic of India, bordering the Arabian Sea
and the Bay of Bengal between Burma and Pakistan, gained independence
in 1947 after nonviolent resistance to British colonialism.
India's history dates back at least 5,000 years, and the Indus
Valley civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the
India has reduced poverty levels since independence, more than
25 percent of its people are still living below the poverty
industries employ the majority of Indians, but information technologies
are the fastest-growing enterprises in the country.
More than half of America's Fortune 500 companies outsource
to India for information technology support. Two-way trade between
the United States and India totaled more than $14 billion in
2000 -- a 100 percent increase since 1993.
software industry grew at an annual rate of more than 50 percent
during the 1990s, generating hundreds of thousands of jobs and
helping to create one of the finest talent pools of information
technology professionals in the world.
is the second-most-populous country in the world, with more
than 1 billion people, yet it's estimated that only 5 million
are connected to the Internet.
percent of India's people live in rural areas, where electricity
and telephone service are scarce. There are two telephones per
100 people in India, and more than 2 million people are on the
country's waiting list for main line telephone service.
southern state of Karnataka, where Bangalore is located, is
better known as India's "Silicon State." In Bangalore, which
is ranked by the United Nations as the fourth-best global hub
of technological innovation, 85 percent of people still don't
have access to a computer, and 100,000 school-aged children
don't go to school.
is home to the world's largest number of illiterates and accounts
for 20 percent of the world's out-of-school children. The country
also has one of the highest female-male literacy gaps in the
world; in the state of Rajasthan, where the literacy rate for
women is 5 percent, the female-male literacy gap is the worst
in the world.
The United States has more computers than the rest
of the world combined.
percent of all Internet users are in industrialized nations,
yet those countries only have 15 percent of the world's population.
Less than 5 percent of computers connected to the Internet are
in developing countries.
users in Africa and West Asia together account for just 1 percent
of people connected online.
poor countries have about 1.4 lines telephones per 100 people,
the industrialized world has nearly 50 telephone lines for every
has more telephone lines than all of Africa, while more than
half of the world's population has yet to make a telephone call.
of 10 Web sites are in English, a language understood by only
one in 10 people on the planet.
CIA Worldfactbook; World Bank Country Report: India; Census
of India 2001; United Nations World Employment Report 2001;
United Nations Human Development Report; Population Resource
Center; U.S. Internet Council; India Ministry of Commerce and
Industry; Marshall School of Business at University of Southern
California; International Telecommunications Union; BBC Online