The murder and mayhem that marked Liberia's 14-year-long civil
war ended in the summer of 2003 when Charles Taylor was forced
out by international pressure and the rebel forces descended
upon Monrovia, the capital city. More than 150,000 Liberians
lost their lives as a tide of weapons, fighters and refugees
flowed back and forth across borders, spreading violence throughout
the West African region. The two rebel groups that ousted Taylor,
Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and
Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL), had support from
Liberia's neighbors. Taylor is wanted on war crimes, charged
with fueling atrocities in Sierra Leone's civil war.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) brokered a Liberian peace in August 2003, and the United Nations took over, disarming combatants, reuniting child soldiers with their families and working to maintain stability as the country prepares for a historic election in October 2005.
This FRONTLINE/World interactive feature lays out the relationships
among the factions, the countries and the organizations that
waged a vicious war, forged a delicate peace, and will play
a role in shaping the future of Liberia. Roll your cursor over
the different actors to see how they interact with one another.
Then click on the title cards to read more about the forces
in play in Liberia.
Researched and written by Zachary K. Johnson
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