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Web Links

The Play 

A Historical Perspective on "Copenhagen" by Dr. David C. Cassidy, Hofstra University:

London Theater Reviews of Copenhagen:

Biography and other works by Michael Frayn:

Copenhagen In New York by Harry Lustig and Brian B. Schwartz

Bohr and Heisenberg 

Niels Bohr Archive - the official site for Niels Bohr, contains Bohr's scientific papers and private correspondence:

American Institute of Physics Exhibit - Heisenberg and Uncertainty

Biography on Niels Bohr - University of St. Andrew, Scotland

Biography on Werner Heisenberg - University of St. Andrew, Scotland

Werner Heisenberg and Albert Einstein by Gerald Holton, Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University

The Science 

Quantum Mechanics and the Copenhagen Interpretation by Eugen Merzbacher, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:

American Institute of Physics Exhibit - J.J. Thomson and the discovery of the electron:

Rudiments of Quantum Theory - easy to understand explanation of quantum physics:

The ChemTeam website - "The Thomson Model of the Atom" and other related topics

American Institute of Physics - Albert Einstein, The Great Works

Index to Biographies of scientists - University of St. Andrew, Scotland

What is Quantum Mechanics? - Think Quest library of websites on science topics

Quantum Mechanics and the Copenhagen Interpretation by Eugen Merzbacher, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:

The Atomic Bomb 

National Science Foundation's Science Digital Library - this site explores the complex history surrounding the invention of the atomic bomb:

Los Alamos National Laboratory - history of the laboratory and its part in the Manhattan Project:

The Manhattan Project - The National Atomic Museum:

Atomic Bomb Decision - documents related to the decision to use atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.:

National Defense Council website - The Internet and the Bomb: A Research Guide to Policy and Information about Nuclear Weapons


Further Reading 

Michael Frayn: Copenhagen (Anchor Books, New York, 2000)

Thomas Powers: Heisenberg's War (Knopf 1993; Cape 1993)

Cassidy, D.: Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg. (New York: W.H. Freeman, 1992)

Abraham Pais: Niels Bohr's Times: In Physics, Philosophy, and Polity. (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1991)

Jeremy Bernstein: Hitler's Uranium Club, the Secret Recordings at Farm Hall, introduced by David Cassidy (American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, New York 1996)

Heisenberg: Physics and Philosophy (Penguin 1958)

Niels Bohr: The Philosophical Writings of Niels Bohr (Oxbow Press, Connecticut 1987)

Richard Rhodes: The Making of the Atomic Bomb ( Simon & Schuster Inc, New York 1986)

Max Jammer: The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974)

Mark Walker: German National Socialism and the Quest for Nuclear Power 1939-1949 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Mark Walker: Nazi Science: Myth, Truth, and the German Atomic Bomb (New York: Plenum Publishers, 1995)




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