Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS

Alcatraz is Not an Island

Co-presented by:


Home video copies of ALCATRAZ IS NOT AN ISLAND will not be available until late 2005. Educational institutions, however, may purchase the film by contacting Berkeley Media, LLC, phone: 510-486-9900; fax: 510-486-9944; email:; or on the web at

Web sites | Books | Articles | Sources

Web sites

National Park Service - Alcatraz site
Includes information about the island, from prison life to nature, military history and virtual tours. A slide show documenting the events of the Indian occupation and Hopi history can be found in the "Tours" section of the site.

American Indian Studies by Troy Johnson
Features Native American scholar Troy Johnson's research and writings about the Alcatraz occupation, a collection of photos from the occupation and links to artwork reflecting the history and culture the Native American experience in North America.

Lonely Island, Hidden Alcatraz
KQED's online companion to their eponymous PTV show is a rich media site that tells the story of the November 9, 1969 landing on Alcatraz and Richard Oakes's leap of faith.

American Indian Movement (AIM)
Contains information about AIM, including declassified White House and FBI documents, updates on the Leonard Peltier case and current campaigns.

Alcatraz Occupation
Homespun website contains writings and photos of graffiti on Alcatraz's walls from 1969 to 1971 and a report from the anniversary celebration held 30 years after the occupation.

Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian
Displays virtual collections from museum's exhibitions and a trove of Indian visual art and film.

A History of American Indians in California
This site, created by the Office of Historic Preservation in 1988 as part of an ethnic historic site survey, explores the history of Indians in California from pre-1769 through 1980.

The International Office of the Leonard Peltier Defense Committee
Features facts and updates on the Peltier case, extensive case reference materials and plans of action as well as showcasing his vivid oil paintings and lithographs.

International Indian Treaty Council
Working for the recognition and protection of indigenous peoples, IITC's bilingual (English and Spanish) site contains information on their social programs, action alerts and updates on their campaigns in defense of youth, the environment and more.

Native American Rights Fund
Providing legal representation and technical assistance to Indian tribes and organizations, NARF's site provides case updates, calls to action on current litigation and documents from its National Indian Law Library.

The Native American Anthology
Links to Native American history, art, literature, nations, language and more.

The National Indian Justice Center
NJIC is an Indian owned and operated nonprofit that designs and delivers legal education, research and technical assistance programs which seek to improve tribal court systems and the administration of justice in Indian country.

Lesson plan on the Alcatraz Proclamation
This lesson plan, focusing on using the Proclamation as a primary source, is part of the Southern Poverty Law Center's "teaching tolerance" education project.

Native American Educational Resources
Links to a range of historical and academic articles and Web sites.
This portal contains links to sites about individual nations, languages, educational institutions, indigenous publications, arts and businesses.

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet
A comprehensive portal site with hundreds of links to Native American-related culture, arts, education and government sites.


Churchill, Ward and Jim Vander Wall. Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1988.

Johnson, Troy R. We Hold the Rock: The Indian Occupation of Alcatraz, 1969 to 1971. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Parks Association, 1997.

Johnson, Troy, Joane Nagel and Duane Champagne. American Indian Activism: Alcatraz to the Longest Walk. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Nagel, Joane, Troy Johnson and Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. Red Power: The American Indians' Fight for Freedom. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Wallis, Michael and Wilma Mankiller. Mankiller: A Chief and Her People. New York: Griffin, 1999.

Warrior, Robert. Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee. New York: The New Press, 1996.


"Taking Back the Rock," Native Peoples magazine

Clopton, Zachary D. "'14 Little Indians': A Critical Examination of the Public Reaction to the Indian Occupation of Alcatraz," 49th Parallel Journal

Holliday, Wendy. "Hopi History: The Story of the Alcatraz Prisoners," Hopi Cultural Preservation Office


Johnson, Troy R. We Hold the Rock: The Indian Occupation of Alcatraz, 1969 to 1971. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Parks Association, 1997.

Johnson, Troy, Joane Nagel and Duane Champagne. American Indian Activism: Alcatraz to the Longest Walk. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

American Indian History and Related Issues by Troy Johnson

Image Sources

Native American Art - "who stole the tee pee?"
Contemporary Indian art selections were chosen for this exhibition, a collaboration between the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian and Atlatl, Inc, a national service organization for Native American Arts.

Alcatraz Occupation Photographs
Photographs which document the 1969-1971 occupation of Alcatraz were contributed by Ilka Hartmann, Michelle Vignes, and the National Park Service.

ALCATRAZ IS NOT AN ISLAND home page images:
Teepee on Alcatraz (1970), photo: John Slavicek
Richard Oakes, photo: Elihu Blotnick
Additional photo credits noted throughout the site.

Reclaiming Native Land | Alcatraz | Indian Activism | Talkback | The Filmmakers
Resources | For Educators | Broadcast | ITVS

© 2002 ITVS. All rights reserved.

Broadcast For Educators Filmmakers Talkback Indian Activism Alcatraz Reclaiming Native Land Alcatraz is not an Island