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Independent Spirits
The FilmFaith HubleyTimelineIn CollaborationTalkbackJohn HubleyResourcesBroadcast


To purchase an educational video copy of INDEPENDENT SPIRITS, contact Pyramid Video, 800 -421-2304; fax 310 -453-9083; email:


Animation World Network
AWN covers the international animation community. Animator profiles and galleries, independent film distribution info, commercial studio activities, animation technologies, feature articles and opinion pieces as well as current events comprise this vast, excellent site.

Pyramid Media
The distributor for most of the Hubleys' films offers video clips of many of their titles and the option to purchase video collections or individual shorts and features for home and educational use.

Hubbub Inc.
John and Faith's daughter Emily Hubley's website includes her filmography, bio, listing of upcoming events and festivals, and animation stills for sale.

Animation Journal
The only peer-reviewed scholarly journal devoted to animation history and theory.

Jerry Beck's Cartoon Research Dedicated to cartoon classics, this dynamic site lists every animated feature from 1937 to the present, culls animation-related news, features movie reviews, screening info and Beck's anecdotes from international animation festivals and events.

Chronology of Animation
An international overview of animation history around the world from 1824 to the present day. Ambitious and educational.

Animation Blast
An independent magazine and website that showcases animators and their art with reviews, features and interviews with leading artists and animation historians.

The Big Cartoon Database
The largest searchable database of cartoon shorts and animation on the Internet.

Figures of Speech
Experience the latest in animation innovation with this series of digitally animated interviews focusing on the way gesture, facial expression and other body movements combine to communicate personality.

Still Life with Animated Dogs
Companion site to Paul and Sandra Fierlinger's film includes "Wag the Dog," the cel animation game, the history of animation and an overview of animators from the Czech Republic.

ASIFA: International Animated Film Association
International community for animators, with information on events around the world.

Flip! Your Guide to Animation on the Web
Hundreds of links to all aspects of animation.

"The Hubley Studio" MoMA Exhibit
Features stills from their films and an interesting essay about the Hubleys' body of work.


Cohen, Karl F. Forbidden Animation: Censored Cartoons and Blacklisted Animators in America. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1997.

McGilligan, Patrick and Paul Buhle. Tender Comrades: A Backstory of the Hollywood Blacklist. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

Pilling, Jayne. Women and Animation: A Compendium. London: British Film Institute, 1992.

Unterburger, Amy L., ed. The St. James Women Filmmakers Encyclopedia: Women on the Other Side of the Camera. Visible
Ink Press,1999.


Basinger, Jeaaine. "HUAC and Censorship Changes,"

Dowell, Pat. "The Hubley Family's Animation Traditions," Morning Edition, National Public Radio

Dumpert, Hazel-Dawn. "Universal Pictures: Animator Faith Hubley Draws from the Inside Out,"

Evans, Noell Wolfgram. "Less is More: John Hubley's Animation Revolution," digitalmediafx

Goodman, Martin. "Sody Pop Rides the Carousel: A Tale of Two Independents," Animation World Magazine

Klein, Joshua. "Faith Hubley," the Onion A.V. Club

Siegel, George J. "Hollywood's Army: The First Motion Picture Unit, U.S. Army Air Forces," California Military Museum

Simensky, Linda. "Women in the Animation Industry - Some Thoughts," Animation World Magazine

Sito, Tom. "The Disney Studio Strike of 1941," The Grim Archives.

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