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UNDERSTANDING WRITTEN FIREFIGHTING MATERIAL

DIRECTIONS: The following questions are designed to measure your ability to read and understand written material. Each reading passage is followed by a question about the material you have read. Base your answers only on the material you have read and not on any prior knowledge you may have.

WHY? As part of a firefighter's training, you will be required to read and comprehend a great amount of technical material related to fire suppression and prevention. Throughout your career, you will need to read in order to be up-to-date on firefighting technology, methods, and equipment.

Choose the best statement that expresses the thought of the preceding paragraph or answers the statement relevant to the paragraph.

 It is probable that only a very small fraction of one percent of carelessly discarded cigarettes actually start fires. This tends to breed indifference to the hazard, but with the billions of cigarettes smoked, the small percentage that do start fires is large enough to constitute the most serious of common fire hazards. According to the passage, a. out of every 100 lighted cigarettes which are carelessly thrown away, one or more fires will be started. b. more fires are directly attributable to carelessly discarded cigarettes than to all other causes of fire combined. c. the chances of a discarded cigarette starting a fire are small, but so many are smoked that the gross hazard is tremendous. d. carelessly discarded cigarettes actually do start fires, and while it is wrong to be indifferent to this fact, the danger is commonly exaggerated.

 During a fire, many so-called fireproof buildings have acted as incinerators, indicating that in many instances the fuel content of the furnishings and contents constitutes a larger percentage of combustible material than the structure itself. According to the passage, a. fireproofing buildings cannot prevent destructive fires. b. fireproof building laws should be revised to cover the combustible material. c. the furnishings in fireproof buildings are as combustible as the structure itself. d. fires which are confined principally to the building contents are less dangerous than those involving the total structure.

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