a lack of basic water and sewer systems, paved roads, and safe and
sanitary housing, colonias are the only housing option for
more than 400,000 people in the United States. Affordable housing
is difficult to come by in many border cities. This in combination
with the development of new colonias that at first glance
offer a cheap solution to housing needs has fueled the growth of
these communities in suburban areas as well as remote rural locations.
In El Paso, Texas alone, at least 20,000 additional units of affordable
housing are needed, according to the Lower Valley Housing Authority.
A preliminary report by the University of Texas estimates that by
the year 2010, more than 700,000 additional people will need affordable
housing on the Texas border if current trends continue.