Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
Citizen Kurchatov: Stalin's Bomb Maker

 

Yuli Khariton

One year younger than Kurchatov, Khariton was born in St. Petersberg in 1904. In 1926 Khariton went to Cambridge University to study under Ernest Rutherford, who received a Nobel prize in 1908 for his work with radioactive substances.

Khariton was a noted scientist, and was respected for his work in nuclear physics. Kurchatov gave him the job of finding a location for the Soviet atomic bomb labs. Khariton chose the small town of Sarov. He was named the first director of the facility, and remained the director until he retired in 1992 after the Soviet Union collapsed.

During the early years of the bomb program, Khariton worked closely with Zeldovich on theoretical calculations regarding the atomic and hydrogen bombs.

Khariton was a long time friend of Kuchatov, and was alone with him when Kurchatov died. Yuli Khariton died on December 19, 1996 in the town of Sarov.  

Related Web Sites

Yuli Khariton
hosted by the Federation of American Scientists

 

  NEH
Site Index Home Good of Mankind Cold War Super Bomb Atomic Powers Arzamas-16 A New Weapon Nuclear Secrets Revolution