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Geography is Everything
Euclides da Cunha, one of Brazil's greatest writers, called the Amazon Rainforest the "unfinished last page of Genesis." Even today, in the twenty-first century, the Amazon has been called the "last great unexplored environment of the planet."

The Native Peoples of Amazonia

The Amazon Rainforest covers about one-third of South America. Once there were over five million native people, belonging to 1,000 tribes, living in the Amazon Rainforest. But 500 years of conquistadors, settlers, miners, and disease have wiped out millions of the native people so that now only about 330,000 in 210 different groups survive in this area. Some inhabitants have moved to towns and cities and changed their ways of life, but some continue to follow their traditional hunting, gathering, and farming lifestyles. Amazingly, there are approximately 50 tribes in Brazil who have not had contact with people from the "modern world."

How have these people survived in the rainforest over the years? Using their environment well, they are able to get all the necessities of life from the forest – food, medicines, cooking and lighting oil, arrow and fish poisons, bark and fibers for clothing, ropes, and baskets.   [more]
Body Decoration
Body Decoration
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Manioc Root